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Biological Hazards

The Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) provides scientific advice on biological hazards in relation to food safety and food-borne diseases. This covers animal diseases transmissible to humans; transmissible spongiform encephalopathies; food microbiology; food hygiene and associated waste management issues.

BIOHAZ Panel Members are scientists from across Europe with expertise in:

  • Epidemiology of food borne zoonoses (Salmonella, Campylobacter, etc)
  • Antimicrobial resistance
  • Processing of animal by-products
  • Food-borne viruses
  • Meat inspection in all food-producing species
  • Food hygiene and microbiology
  • Microbiological criteria
  • Biological risks associated with composite products, and with fresh produce;
  • Decontamination of meat carcasses (antimicrobial treatments)
  • Quantitative microbiological risk assessment
  • TSEs (epidemiology, pathology, diagnostic, exposure assessment).

Panel Members

Current Panel Members, 2018-2021

Chair: Koutsoumanis, Konstantinos Panagiotis
Vice-Chair: Allende, Ana; Herman, Lieve Maria
Members: Alvarez-Ordóñez, Avelino; Bolton, Declan Joseph; Bover-Cid, Sara; Chemaly, Marianne; Davies, Robert; De Cesare, Alessandra; Hilbert, Friederike; Lindqvist, Roland; Nauta, Maarten; Peixe, Luisa; Ru, Giuseppe; Simmons, Marion; Skandamis, Panagiotis; Suffredini, Elisabetta

View Declarations of Interests and CVs.

Previous Panel Members

2015-2018

Chair: Antonia Ricci
Vice-Chair: Konstantinos Panagiotis Koutsoumanis; Birgit Nørrung
Members:  Ana Allende; Declan Bolton; Marianne Chemaly; Robert Davies; Pablo Salvador Fernandez Escamez; Rosina Girones; Lieve Herman; Roland Lindqvist; Lucy Robertson; Giuseppe Ru; Moez Sanaa; Marion Simmons; Panagiotis Skandamis; Emma Snary; Niko Speybroeck; Benno Ter Kuile; John Threlfall; Helene Wahlström

2012-2015

Chair: John Sofos, from July 2012 to March 2014; John Griffin, from March 2014 
Vice-Chair:  John Griffin, from July 2012 to March 2014; Paul Cook, from March 2014; Arie Havelaar
Members: Olivier Andreoletti; Dorte Lau Baggesen; Declan Bolton; Patrick Butaye; Robert Davies; Pablo S. Fernández Escámez; Tine Hald; Kostas Koutsoumanis; Roland Lindqvist; James McLauchlin; Truls Nesbakken; Miguel Prieto Maradona; Antonia Ricci; Giuseppe Ru; Moez Sanaa; Marion Simmons; John Threlfall

2009-2012

Chair: John D. Collins, from June 2009 to Jan 2011 - (Prof. Collins died on 25 April 2012); Birgit Norrung, from March 2011 to June 2012
Vice-Chair: Birgit Norrung, from June 2009 to January 2011; Herbert Budka, from March 2011 to June 2012 and from June 2009 to January 2011; John Sofos, from March 2011 to June 2012
Members: Olivier Andreoletti; Sava Buncic; John Griffin; Tine Hald; Arie Havelaar; James Hope; Günter Klein; Kostas Koutsoumanis, from May 2011 to June 2012; Winy Messens, from June 2009 to July 2010; James McLauchlin; Christine Müller-Graf; Christophe Nguyen The; Luísa Peixe; Miguel Prieto Maradona; Antonia Ricci; John Threlfall; Ivar Vågsholm; Emmanuel Vanopdenbosch

The Declarations of Interests and CVs of previous Panel members are available upon interestmanagement [at] efsa.europa.eu (request).

Networks

BSE-TSE

Set up to strengthen the scientific cooperation on BSE-TSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies) issues, reduce the duplication of activities and hence avoid divergence of opinion.

Microbiological risk assessment

Established to strengthen the scientific cooperation on microbiological risk assessment, anticipate and reduce the duplication of activities and hence avoid divergence of opinion.

Working groups

We are having a technical issue with the publication of DOIs and are working to resolve it. If you are looking for a specific DOI and cannot find it on the system please contact interestmanagement [at] efsa.europa.eu.

BIOHAZ WG on applications for alternative methods of use or disposal of animal by-products or derived products

(last updated: )

Microbiological Safety of aged meat (EFSA-Q-2020-00527)

(last updated: )

Monitoring of chronic wasting disease (CWD)

(last updated: )

MRSA baseline survey (EFSA-Q-2022-00213)

(last updated: )

The fourth Joint Interagency Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance Analysis (JIACRA) (EFSA-Q-2022-00101)

(last updated: )

Transmission of AMR and zoonotic agents during animal transports (EFSA-Q-2021-00435)

(last updated: )

Water in post-harvest processing ffFVHs (EGSA-Q-2021-00374)

(last updated: )

WG on the update of the list of QPS recommended biological agents intentionally added to food or feed as notified to EFSA (2020-22)

(last updated: )

Closed working groups

ABPs - colostrum treatment by microfiltration

(last updated: )

Alternative method ECN tunnel composting (Q-2019-00583)

(last updated: )

Alternative method for production of biodiesel from processed fats derived from category 1, 2 and 3 animal byproducts (EFSA-Q-2019-00432)

(last updated: )

AMR and GP feed residues (EFSA-Q-2019-00221)

(last updated: )

AMR Milk Feed calves (EFSA-Q-2015-00611)

(last updated: )

Analysis of the baseline survey on Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods

(last updated: )

Analysis of the baseline survey on Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat foods: Subgroup on predictive models for Listeria growth

(last updated: )

Analytical methods for biological agents

(last updated: )

Application for a revision of the annual monitoring programme for BSE from Norway

(last updated: )

Application for new alternative biodiesel process for rendered fat of Cat 1 (EFSA-Q-2017-00136)

(last updated: )

Assessment of ABPs

(last updated: )

Atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)

(last updated: )

Atypical Scrapie Surveillance (EFSA-Q-2020-00662)

(last updated: )

Bioreduction

(last updated: )

BSE - Croatia

(last updated: )

BSE cases born after the total feed ban (EFSA-Q-2016-00350)

(last updated: )

BSE risk in bovine intestine and mesentery

(last updated: )

Carbapenem resistance in food animal ecosystems

(last updated: )

Chronic Wasting Disease - CWD - (EFSA-Q-2016-00387; EFSA-Q-2016-00411)

(last updated: )

Clarification on the scientific opinion on the public health risks related to the maintenance of the cold chain during storage and transport of meat

(last updated: )

Date Marking (EFSA-Q-2019-00438-439)

(last updated: )

Delayed meat inspection (EFSA-Q-2019-00124)

(last updated: )

Development of risk ranking tool

(last updated: )

Dyes in aquaculture

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of cattle

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of farmed game

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of poultry

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of poultry: Subgroup on case studies

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of poultry: Subgroup on ESBL

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of small ruminants

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of small ruminants: Subgroup on Mycobacteria

(last updated: )

Epidemiological indicators for meat inspection of solipeds

(last updated: )

European baseline survey of norovirus in oysters

European Union Summary Report on TSE

(last updated: )

Evaluation of processing method for ABP Cat. 3 (EFSA-Q-2017-00619)

(last updated: )

Evaluation of the NExBTL process as an alternative method for treatment of rendered animal fat (NESTE OIL)

(last updated: )

Fish storage

(last updated: )

Food-borne outbreaks reporting specifications

(last updated: )

Genetic resistance to scrapie in Cyprus

(last updated: )

Genetic resistance to TSEs in goats (EFSA-Q-2016-00268)

(last updated: )

Growth of spoilage bacteria during storage and transport of meat

(last updated: )

Growth of spoilage bacteria during storage and transport of meat (EFSA-Q-2015-00163)

(last updated: )

HACCP (EFSA-Q-2015-00593)

(last updated: )

Harmonised monitoring of AMR

(last updated: )

Harmonised monitoring of MRSA

(last updated: )

Hatchery waste

(last updated: )

Hazard analysis approaches for certain small retail establishments and food donations (HACCP)

(last updated: )

Heat treatment of bivalve molluscs

(last updated: )

High pressure processing of food (EFSA-Q-2020-00380)

(last updated: )

Indicators AMR & AM use (EFSA-Q-2016-00638)

(last updated: )

JIACRA II

(last updated: )

Joint Inter-agency Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance Analysis (JIACRA) III (EFSA-Q-2018-00135)

(last updated: )

Listeria monocytogenes contamination of ready-to-eat foods (EFSA-Q-2015-00597)

(last updated: )

Listeria monocytogenes in frozen fruit, vegetables and herbs (EFSA-Q-2018-01006)

(last updated: )

Listex P100 treatment of ready to eat foods

(last updated: )

Meat inspection: bovines

(last updated: )

Meat inspection: small ruminants

(last updated: )

Meat Inspection: solipeds

(last updated: )

Mechanically separated meat

(last updated: )

Molecular typing

(last updated: )

Molecular typing methods of food-borne pathogens

(last updated: )

Negligible risk classical scrapie

(last updated: )

NGS for risk assessment of foodborne microorganisms

(last updated: )

Organic fertilisers endpoint (EFSA-Q-2020-00401)

(last updated: )

Proposed EU minimum quality requirements for water reuse in agricultural irrigation and aquifer recharge

(last updated: )

Public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat: farmed game

(last updated: )

Public health risks associated with food-borne parasites

(last updated: )

Public health risks associated with Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) as a food-borne pathogen (EFSA-Q-2016-00315)

(last updated: )

Public health risks Bacillus in foodstuffs

(last updated: )

Public health risks Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAggEC)

(last updated: )

Public health risks of table eggs due to deterioration and development of pathogens

(last updated: )

QPS 2012 update

(last updated: )

Raw milk

(last updated: )

Reduction of the need to use antimicrobials

(last updated: )

Request for scientific and technical assistance on the baseline survey of Norovirus in oysters - 2018

(last updated: )

Request for scientific and technical assistance on the baseline survey of Norovirus in oysters 2015-16

(last updated: )

Requirements for development of microbiological criteria (EFSA-Q-2016-00227)

(last updated: )

Risk of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) via in embryo transfer in sheep

(last updated: )

Risk of transmission of Ebola Virus (EBOV) via the food chain

(last updated: )

Risk of transmission of EBOV via the food chain - part 2

(last updated: )

Risk posed by pathogens in food of non-animal origin

(last updated: )

Ruminant collagen and gelatine (EFSA-Q-2019-00436)

(last updated: )

Safety and efficacy of peroxyacetic acid for reduction of pathogens on poultry

(last updated: )

Salmonella controls in poultry flocks (EFSA-Q-2017-00692)

(last updated: )

Sample size BSE monitoring

(last updated: )

Scientific coordination group on meat inspection

(last updated: )

Scrapie situation in the EU after 10 years of monitoring and control in sheep and goats

(last updated: )

Stakeholders' technical hearing on meat inspection in bovines

(last updated: )

Stakeholders' technical hearing on meat inspection of farmed game

(last updated: )

STEC pathogenicity and public health risk_Q-2018-00293

(last updated: )

Technical specifications on the harmonised monitoring and reporting of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in zoonotic and indicator bacteria transmitted through food (EFSA-Q-2018-00051)

(last updated: )

Technical support to collect and analyse whole genome sequencing (WGS) data in the joint ECDC-EFSA molecular typing database

(last updated: )

The evaluation of the NExBTL process as an alternative method for treatment of rendered animal fat (Neste Oil)

(last updated: )

The risk posed by pathogens in foods of non-animal origin

(last updated: )

Tracing of food items in connection to the multinational Hepatitis A virus outbreak in Europe

(last updated: )

Transport of meat

(last updated: )

Update of the list of QPS recommended biological agents intentionally added to food or feed as notified to EFSA (2017-19) (M-2016-0211)

(last updated: )

Update of the list of Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS) recommended biological agents intentionally added to food or feed as notified to EFSA

(last updated: )

Updated Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) of the BSE risk posed by Processed Animal Protein (PAP) (EFSA-Q-2017-00705)

(last updated: )

Urgent request on Lm sampling and testing (EFSA-Q-2018-00347)

(last updated: )

Verotoxinogenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) Austria

(last updated: )

WG on ALP milk pasteurisation (EFSA-Q-2020-00331)

(last updated: )

WG on AMR environment (EFSA-Q-2019-00343)

(last updated: )

WG on an update of the scientific opinion on Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in cervids - (EFSA-Q-2018-00763)

(last updated: )

WG on the transport/storage of fresh fishery products (EFSA-Q-2019-00053 and EFSA-Q-2019-00437)

(last updated: )

WG on Update on Campylobacter control options (EFSA-Q-2018-00676)

(last updated: )

Zoonotic potential scrapie

(last updated: )

Related topic(s)