A joint EFSA/EPPO Workshop took place at EFSA headquarters in Parma, from 1-3 April 2014 to discuss “Data collection and information sharing in plant health”. More than 130 participants from national plant protection organisations, research institutes, universities, international organisations, and stakeholders from agriculture and industry participated in the workshop. More than 35 lectures were delivered and 40 posters presented. From the discussions, it was clear that data collection and information sharing is a key issue in plant health, as central activities such as surveillance, pest risk assessment and policy-making rely on the availability of valid and sound data. Many challenges were identified, such as the availability and reliability of data, harmonisation of data, the rapid development of new communication tools, and data sharing not only between IT systems but among stakeholders. However, it was also noted that much progress is taking place in the field of data collection and sharing, and that new tools (models, media monitoring, citizen science) are being developed and should be further explored, as these are likely to open new avenues for improvement. Both organisations considered the workshop – the first such joint meeting between EPPO and EFSA – a success and agreed to work closely together.
Conclusions from discussions
Session 1 – Advanced methods and strategies for surveillance and data collection
Harmonised guidelines on surveillance (random/targeting, general/monitoring) are needed.
A comprehensive inventory of survey methods for quarantine pests will be available soon (outcome of the EFSA Article 36 cooperation project “Perseus”).
As resources are limited, it is necessary to increase the efficiency of surveys (e.g. optimise survey design, maximise survey performance to minimise costs).
The availability of advanced methods/strategies for surveillance and reporting can increase survey efficiency (e.g. web-based traps/automated spore trapping/mobile tools for data collection).
Surveillance networks for pesticides and unregulated/common plant pests are examples that may be used for quarantine pests.
Interaction between databases is a challenging issue.
Session 2 – Modelling tools to forecast pest distributions, emergence and invasion patterns
Pathway modelling on pest entry also highlights “what we don’t know”.
Increased insights on pest biology can result in control cost savings.
Open databases on climate, crops and pest distributions (e.g. crop and yield forecasting systems) are useful.
As access to quality geo-referenced pest occurrence data is limited, there is a need for a common geo-referenced database which could be used in plant pest modelling.
A comprehensive review of quantitative models for spread of plant pests can provide a decision support system for PRA modelling.
Pest risk assessment methodology should be better linked to sound basic ecology.
Session 3 – Data collection and information sharing for PRA
PRA aims to protect the territory and provides evidence to risk managers, which should be fit for purpose.
Communication of PRA outcome is important.
Research is needed to back up PRAs.
Evidence and uncertainties should be evaluated and presented carefully during PRA.
PRA is interdisciplinary and different impacts need to be evaluated (economic, environmental, social).
Prioritisation for PRAs needs to involve stakeholders.
Session 4 – Early warning tools in plant health
Early warning is essential in plant health. Currently, it is mainly based on data mining done by plant health experts.
It is important to identify drivers for emerging risks as well as the risks themselves.
News tools for data collection such as citizen science and media monitoring are available and should continue to be explored.
It is essential to keep a critical eye on data collected (both on quality and appropriate analysis).
Presentation of data to the users is important.
Data collection for early warning helps in identifying what is needed for PRAs and in fine tuning phytosanitary actions.
Session 5 – Pest reporting, databases and information exchange systems
Information from pest reports can be sensitive and may be owned.
What is found (and confidence in negative results) depends partly on efforts spent in looking and the ease of finding the pest concerned.
International or regional standards should be used whenever possible (e.g. report pest status according to ISPM 8, use EPPO codes for pest/plant names).
Appropriate connections between people (who and how) are crucial in making phytosanitary action happen.
Information needs to flow in both directions (sender, receiver), as feedback is needed.
It is often better to start with simple information systems and then make them evolve.
The use of tools for mobile devices should be further explored.
Session 1: Advanced methods and strategies for surveillance and data collection. Chair: Mike Jeger.
- Stephen Parnell: Surveillance for invading plant pathogens: the use of epidemic models to quantify performance and optimise survey design(2.64 MB)
- Mariangela Ciampitti: Survey planning in Lombardy region(4.79 MB)
- Mélanie Picherot: The French epidemiological surveillance network for plant health(2.22 MB)
- Gritta Schrader: The EFSA PERSEUS Project: Plant health surveys for the EU territory: an analysis of data quality and methodologies and the resulting uncertainties for pest risk assessment(863.11 KB)
- David Garthwaite: Could the methodologies used for the collection of pesticide usage statistics also be used to monitor the incidence and spread of plant pests?(929.56 KB)
- Fabio Chinellato: Remote monitoring of plant‐related insects using web‐based camera traps(3.79 MB)
- Fazil Dusunceli: An SMS based system for monitoring of progressive development of plant diseases: A pilot initiative for surveillance of wheat rusts in Turkey(1.48 MB)
- Jonathan West: Monitoring of airborne plant pathogens(2.83 MB)
- Marco Pautasso: Scientometric approaches in data collection for plant health(679.94 KB)
Session 2: Modelling tools to forecast pest distributions, emergence and invasion patterns. Chair: Trond Rafoss.
- Bob Douma: Learning from modelling pest introduction: what data is needed and is it available?(936.89 KB)
- Luigi Ponti: Physiologically based demographic models provide a guidance for identifying data needs and for guiding data collection in evidence‐based pest risk assessment(1.18 MB)
- José Barredo: Assessing the potential distribution of insect pests under current and future climatic conditions in European forests using host data(3.29 MB)
- Steven White: Inventory and review of quantitative models for spread of plant pests for use in pest risk assessment for the EU territory(1.39 MB)
- Fabien Ramos: MARS JRC climate based crop and yield forecast system: resources and opportunities for pest risk assessment(3.9 MB)
- Gianni Gilioli: Selection and organization of life‐history data for PRA: a mechanistic perspective(2.57 MB)
Session 3 Data collection and information sharing for PRA. Chair: Olaf MosbachSchulz.
- Françoise Petter: Challenges of data collection for PRA(5.89 MB)
- Gritta Schrader: Express Pest Risk Analysis in Germany – sharing information about new emerging pests with the plant protection services and the public(1.56 MB)
- Dirk Jan van der Gaag: Prioritizing pest risks and pest surveillance in the Netherlands(979.91 KB)
- Marina Zlotina: Evaluation of evidence and its uncertainty in qualitative pest risk assessments(1.02 MB)
- Willem Roelofs: Managing data challenges for evidence‐based policy making(1.02 MB)
- Giuseppe Stancanelli: Role of research to support plant health risk assessment at EFSA(2.78 MB)
Session 4 Early warning tools in plant health. Chair: Françoise Petter.
- Lara Maistrello: Citizen science and early detection: the example of first occurrences of the brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys in Italy(7.25 MB)
- Anne‐Sophie Roy: EPPO data collection and early warning(5.29 MB)
- Villie Flari: Development of an Early Warning System to anticipate emerging risks in Plant Health in the UK – ex ante assessment: proof of concept study(608.8 KB)
- Jennifer Fritz: Lessons learned from developing and implementing an early warning system to support U.S. safeguarding against exotic plant pests(2.48 MB)
- Gerardo Sánchez: Early warning survey and detection design in an outbreak area: Pine Wood Nematode case study(4.84 MB)
- Agnes Rortais: Media monitoring for emerging plant health risks(1.36 MB)
Session 5 – Pest reporting, databases and information exchange systems. Chair: Martin Ward.
- Steven Jones: Pest reporting in the European Union(461.03 KB)
- Anne‐Sophie Roy: EPPO pest reporting and databases(6.5 MB)
- Melanie Newfield: The right information to the right people at the right time – lessons from New Zealand’s emerging risk system(1.67 MB)
- Katrin Kaminski: Data collection, data sharing and pest reporting – tools used by the German Plant Protection Service(4.89 MB)
- Franco Finelli: Acquisition and management of information in plant-georeferenced geographic information system of Emilia‐Romagna region, Italy(11.55 MB)
- Shaun Hobbs: Facilitating information exchange on plant health through the Plantwise programme(5.34 MB)
- Marta Vallino: V2P2repository: a “place” to store, search and share data from research on plant‐microorganism‐virus interactions(1.79 MB)
- Stefano Cappé: EFSA data warehouse: data collection and data access at EFSA(646.4 KB)
- Development of a new open source research infrastructure network for agricultural data sharing(8.91 MB)
- S. Abbà, M. Vallino, M. Ciuffo, P. Caciagli, G. Birello, A. Perin, I. Bianco, U. Finardi (CNR, IT)
- Q-bank: Comprehensive databases on quarantine plant pests and diseases(9.72 MB)
- E. Boer et al. (NPPO, NL)
- Di@gnoPlant and VigiPl@nt tools: field level diagnosis, surveillance and detection of plant diseases using smartphone applications(248.7 KB)
- J.M. Armand, M. Ohayon, T. Candresse, D. Blancard (INRA, FR)
- Stepped-up surveillance for early detection of Anoplophora chinensis in Plantaregina district, a pest free area, specialised in full-size deciduous ornamental trees production (2.86 MB)
- M. Ciampitti, B. Cavagna, A. Bianchi, V. Cappa, S. Asti, A. Fumagalli (NPPO, IT)
- Survey methodology and quality management of Anoplophora chinensis in Lombardy(3.55 MB)
- A. Bianchi, S.Asti, A. Fumagalli, M. Ciampitti, B. Cavagna (NPPO, IT)
- The application of UK Plant Health Information Warehouse(201.77 KB)
- S. Elcock, S. Bishop (Fera, GB)
- Quarantine pests interceptions in solid wood packing materials held by International Agricultural Surveillance (VIGIAGRO) at the Port of Santos, Brazil, 2009-2010(177.41 KB)
- M. Meleiro, D.M. Esmeraldino da Silva, D.G. Braz Rocha (VIGIAGRO, BR)
- PQR the EPPO database on quarantine pests(576.35 KB)
- D. Griessinger, A.S. Roy (EPPO)
- EPPO codes: a general overview(540.51 KB)
- D. Griessinger, A.S. Roy (EPPO)
- Testing two plant pest risk assessment schemes to support risk reduction decisions for the European Union: methodology used, data collection process and results obtained from application on a case study pest: Acidovorax citrulli(143.93 KB)
- M. Holeva, H. Anderson, J. Smith, A. MacLeod (Benaki Phytopathological Institute (GR) & Fera (GB))
- Ornamental pathways of entry of some pest species in Bulgaria: gaps in the data at national and international level(1.52 MB)
- O. Karadjova, Z. Ilieva, E. Petrova, V. Krumov (Institute of Soil Science, Agrotechnology and Plant Protection, BG)
- The Crop Protection Compendium: information for pest risk analysis(843.76 KB)
- L.A. McGillivray, L.M.F. Charles, G.R. Richards (CABI)
- Sources of phytosanitary information in Russia(435.83 KB)
- M. Mironova (All-Russian Plant Quarantine Center, RU)
- The plant health challenge of detecting cryptic small arthropods: lessons from mites invasive to Europe(841.92 KB)
- M. Navajas, J.A. Jacas, F. Petter, S. Tramontini (INRA (FR), Universitat Jaume (ES), EPPO, EFSA)
- The scheme of collecting, sharing and building information in planning surveys in the Hungarian plant health control system(1002.87 KB)
- G. Pataki, Z. Dancsházy (NPPO, HU)
- Import of deciduous wood chips from eastern North America – pathway-initiated risk characterization of relevant plant pests(1.5 MB)
- D. Flø, B. Økland, H. Solheim, C. Magnusson, T. Rafoss, L., Sundheim, J. Perminow (Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Norwegian Institute for Agricultural and Environmental Research, Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety)
- Actinidia pollen is a pathway for the dissemination of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae and for the spread of the bacterial canker of kiwifruit(956.78 KB)
- E. Stefani, R. Tontou, D. Giovanardi (University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, IT)
- Using host data to model patterns and processes of tree pests across Europe(3.06 MB)
- G. Strona, J. Barredo, G. Stancanelli, F. Boccacci, D. Nappo, J. San-Miguel-Ayanz (European Commission – Ispra (IT), EFSA)
- The development of bacterial strain-, species-, clade- and genus-specific diagnostics using a genomics approach(2.71 MB)
- L. Pritchard, S. Humphris, G. Saddler, N.M. Parkinson, V. Bertrand, J.G. Elphinstone, I.K. Toth (The James Hutton Institute, SASA, Fera (GB))
- Measuring the general phytosanitary situation: development of a plant health barometer(243.94 KB)
- O. Wilmart, X. Van Huffel, H. Diricks, V. Huyshauwer,D. Michelante, C. Bragard, B. Schiffers, L. Pussemier, D. Berkvens, M. Höfte, M. Uyttendaele (Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain, Catholic University of Louvain, University of Liège, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Ghent University)
- Collecting and publishing data on organisms harmful to plants in Slovenia(215.26 KB)
- Vlasta Knapič, Primož Pajk, Tomaž Seliškar, Jolanda Persolja, Matej Knapič, Gregor Urek (Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Food Safety, Velesa Engineering and Consulting, Slovenian Institute of Hop and Brewery Research, Agricultural Institute of Slovenia)