Pest categorisation of non‐EU viruses of Fragaria L.
Following a request from the EU Commission, the Panel on Plant Health addressed the pest categorisation of the viruses and viroids of Fragaria L. determined as being either non‐EU or of undetermined standing in a previous EFSA opinion. These infectious agents belong to different genera and are heterogeneous in their biology. With the exclusion of strawberry latent virus and strawberry latent C virus for which very limited information exists, the pest categorisation was completed for 12 viruses having acknowledged identities and available detection methods. All these viruses are efficiently transmitted by vegetative propagation techniques, with plants for planting representing the major pathway for long‐distance dispersal and thus considered as the major pathway for entry. Depending on the virus, additional pathway(s) can also be Fragaria seeds, pollen and/or vector(s). Most of the viruses categorised here are known to infect only one or few plant genera, but some of them have a wide host range, thus extending the possible entry pathways. Strawberry chlorotic fleck‐associated virus, strawberry leaf curl virus, strawberry necrotic shock virus, strawberry pallidosis‐associated virus, strawberry vein banding virus (SVBV) and tomato ringspot virus meet all the criteria evaluated by EFSA to qualify as potential Union quarantine pests (QPs). For SVBV, the Panel considered that following its entry and establishment into the EU territory, an impact of uncertain magnitude is expected mainly because a synergistic effect may occur in strawberry in case of mixed infections with viruses already present in the EU. Strawberry crinivirus 3, strawberry crinivirus 4 and strawberry polerovirus 1 meet all criteria for being considered as potential Union QPs, except for the impact in the EU territory, on which the Panel was unable to conclude. Fragaria chiloensis cryptic virus, Fragaria chiloensis latent virus and strawberry pseudo mild yellow edge virus do not meet the criterion of having potential negative impact in the EU. For several viruses, especially those recently discovered, the categorisation is associated with high uncertainties mainly because of the absence of data on their biology, distribution and impact. Since this opinion addresses specifically the non‐EU viruses, in general, these viruses do not meet the criteria assessed by EFSA to qualify as potential Union regulated non‐quarantine pests.
This publication is linked to the following EFSA Journal articles: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5501/full, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5590/full, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5735/full, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5769/full