In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the ‘Task Force Abamectin’, as applicant, submitted a request to the competent national authority in Spain to modify the existing maximum residue level (MRL) for the active substance abamectin in citrus fruits. The data submitted in support of the request were found to be sufficient to derive a MRL proposal of 0.04 mg/kg. Adequate analytical methods for enforcement are available to control the residues of abamectin in the crop under consideration. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concluded that the short‐term and long‐term intake of residues resulting from the use of abamectin according to the reported agricultural practice is unlikely to present a risk to consumer health. The reliable end points, appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment are presented.