EFSA provides scientific advice on the safety evaluation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and their use as food or feed and/or for cultivation. This includes GM plants, GM microorganisms and GM animals.
Frequently Asked Questions
Some general questions that we often receive are available in our Connect.EFSA portal dedicated FAQ page
1. Are the requirements for applicants the same for all GMO evaluations?
No. The requirements for applicants differ depending on a number of factors, including a) whether the application concerns a GM micro-organism (GMM), a GM plant or a GM animal, b) whether the GMO contains a single event or stacked events, and c) on the type of species and the intended use of the GMO, determining the possible routes of exposure for humans, animals and the environment. All specific requirements for applicants can be found in the Commission Implementing Regulation EU No 503/2013 on applications for authorisation of genetically modified food and feed and in the relevant EFSA scientific guidance documents.
2. I am an applicant wanting to use data held in the European Food Consumption Database for an exposure assessment as part of my application. Where can I find these data?
EFSA provides summary statistics of human consumption data for food categories from certain crops of interest for GMO risk assessment. These data are designed to complement the exposure assessment in applications for authorisation of genetically modified plants. In using the data, it is strongly recommended that applicants follow the associated EFSA Guidance document. Both the available data and the associated Guidance document are accessible through the EFSA website.
3. Short cuts for applicants
- Application procedure for GMOs: Regulation EC 1829/2003 and Regulation EU 503/2013 on applications for authorisation of genetically modified food and feed
- Requirements for technical dossiers: EFSA’s GMO guidance documents
- EURL: European Union Reference Laboratory
- Contact regarding authorisation: European Commission’s European Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety
- Ask a question web form