Methodology

Introduction

Methodologies guide scientists through the scientific process by providing a step-by-step framework for:

  • what to answer – describing the precise nature of the scientific question and what is outside of scope. Scientists often refer to this as the “problem formulation”.
  • which evidence to collect and use
    • identifying the scientific evidence relevant for an assessment
    • if needed, complementing evidence from observations (e.g. studies on animals or cells) with other sources or methods (e.g. expert knowledge)
    • evaluating quality of scientific evidence and analysing it in a structured, consistent and traceable way

    • document the process for dealing with evidence transparently.
  • how to make decisions – providing a transparent, rational and accountable process for scientific decisions so that the process can be repeated by other scientists.