EFSA evaluates the safety of regulated food ingredients before they can be authorised for use on the European market. Food ingredients are chemical substances which are used as food additives, food enzymes, flavourings, smoke flavourings and sources of vitamins and minerals added to food. EFSA assesses the safety of new substances and of new proposed uses for currently authorised substances.
There are different application procedures and technical requirements for the various food ingredients.
Applications for food additives, food enzymes and flavourings (excluding smoke flavourings) are submitted to the European Commission. Different procedures exist.
Applications for smoke flavourings are submitted to the national competent authority of a Member State.
Applications for nutrient sources are sent to the European Commission which then mandates EFSA with the scientific evaluation.