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Welfare insights on slaughter of pregnant animals

Grazing cows on a meadow

EFSA experts have examined issues surrounding the slaughter of pregnant farmed animals in Europe.

According to EFSA expert judgement, on average 3% of dairy cows, 1.5 % of beef cattle, 0.5% of pigs, 0.8% sheep and 0.2% of goats in the EU are slaughtered during the last third of gestation. Reasons may vary – from farmers not being aware that animals are pregnant, to considerations linked to animal health and welfare or economic reasons.

EFSA’s Panel on Animal Health and Welfare first assessed whether and when livestock foetus of different animal species A subdivision of the genus, a species is a group of closely related and similar-looking organisms; for example, in the case of Homo sapiens (humans), the second part of the name (sapiens) represents the species. experience pain. The scientists agreed that the animals don’t in the first two thirds of gestation because the relevant physical and neurological structures develop only during the last part of gestation.

The experts estimated the probability The likelihood that a particular event will occur or that a measured value will fall within a particular range. that foetus experience pain during the final third of gestation. They concluded that the most probable scenario is that they don’t due to the presence of a series of inhibitory mechanisms in the body of the foetus.

The opinion proposes practical measures for reducing the number of pregnant animals slaughtered.

There is limited information on this topic and EFSA’s scientific opinion Opinions include risk assessments on general scientific issues, evaluations of an application for the authorisation of a product, substance or claim, or an evaluation of a risk assessment., which is based on expert judgement, offers insights that can be used by risk managers across the EU. Ultimately, this work contributes to the improvement of animal welfare.

This scientific opinion follows a request from Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden.

Find out more in our summary of the main conclusions

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