Safety evaluation of the food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase from the genetically modified Bacillus subtilis strain DP‐Ezd31 | European Food Safety Authority Skip to main content

Safety evaluation of the food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase from the genetically modified Bacillus subtilis strain DP‐Ezd31

Metadata

Panel members at the time of adoption

José Manuel Barat Baviera, Claudia Bolognesi, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Riccardo Crebelli, David Michael Gott, Konrad Grob, Claude Lambré, Evgenia Lampi, Marcel Mengelers, Alicja Mortensen, Gilles Rivière, Vittorio Silano (until 21 December 2020 †), Inger‐Lise Steffensen, Christina Tlustos, Henk Van Loveren, Laurence Vernis and Holger Zorn.

Note: The full opinion will be published in accordance with Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008 once the decision on confidentiality will be received from the European Commission.

Abstract

The food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase (4‐β‐d‐xylan xylanohydrolase; EC 3.2.1.8) is produced with a genetically modified Bacillus subtilis strain DP‐Ezd31 by Danisco US Inc. The production strain of the food enzyme contains multiple copies of a known antimicrobial resistance gene. However, based on the absence of viable cells and DNA from the production organism in the food enzyme, this is not considered to be a safety concern. The production strain was not shown to meet the criteria for Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS) approach to safety assessment. The substitute studies provided were not considered suitable for the toxicological assessment of this food enzyme. A search for similarity of the amino acid sequence to known allergens was made and no match was found. The Panel considered that, under the intended conditions of use, the risk of allergic sensitisation and elicitation reactions by dietary exposure cannot be excluded, but the likelihood for this to occur is considered to be low. In the absence of suitable toxicological studies, the Panel cannot conclude on the safety of the food enzyme.