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Safety assessment of the substance, titanium dioxide surface treated with fluoride‐modified alumina, for use in food contact materials

on the Wiley Online Library


Panel members at the time of adoption

José Manuel Barat Baviera, Claudia Bolognesi, Beat Johannes Brüschweiler, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Riccardo Crebelli, David Michael Gott, Konrad Grob, Evgenia Lampi, Alicja Mortensen, Gilles Rivière, Vittorio Silano, Inger‐Lise Steffensen, Christina Tlustos, Henk Van Loveren, Laurence Vernis and Holger Zorn.

The full opinion will be published in accordance with Article 10(6) of Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 once the decision on confidentiality, in line with Article 20(3) of the Regulation, will be received from the European Commission. The following information has been provided under confidentiality and it is redacted awaiting the decision of the Commission: the manufacture of the substance, in particular the identity of certain chemicals used in the process; the characterisation of the substance, in particular the proportion of fluoride, the fraction of particles below 100 nm, the range of particles number above 100 nm; the illustration of the structure formed; and the fraction of particles below 100 nm once incorporated in the plastic.


This scientific opinion of the EFSA Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes and Processing Aids (CEP Panel) is a safety assessment of the additive titanium dioxide surface treated with fluoride‐modified alumina, a defined mixture of particles of which ■■■■■% in number have a diameter in the range of 1–100 nm. It is intended to be used as filler and colourant up to 25% w/w in potentially all polymer types. Materials and articles containing the additive are intended to be in contact with all food types for any time and temperature conditions. The data provided demonstrate that the additive particles stay embedded even in swollen polar polymers such as polyamide, and do not migrate. Moreover, the additive particles resisted release by abrasion and did not transfer into a simulant for solid/dry foods. Thus, the additive particles do not give rise to exposure via food and to toxicological concern. Migration of solubilised ionic fluoride and aluminium occurs from the surface of the additive particles and particularly from swollen plastic. The Panel concluded that the substance does not raise safety concern for the consumer if used as an additive up to 25% w/w in polymers in contact with all food types for any time and temperature conditions. However, uses in polar polymers swelling in contact with foodstuffs simulated by 3% acetic acid should be limited to conditions simulated by contact up to 4 h at 100°C. This is due to the fact that when used at 25%, and contact was followed by 10 days at 60°C, the migration of aluminium and fluoride largely exceeded the specific migration limit (SML) of 1 and 0.15 mg/kg food, respectively. The Panel emphasises that the existing SMLs for aluminium and fluoride should not be exceeded in any case.