Refined exposure assessment for amaranth (E 123)

amaranth, E 123, dietary exposure, EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, food colours
First published in the EFSA Journal
29 October 2013
22 October 2013
Statement of EFSA


Following a self-tasking request, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) carried out a refined exposure assessment of amaranth (E 123) taking into account additional information on its use in foods. In 2010, the EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) adopted a scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of amaranth (E 123) used as a food additive. In that opinion, the Panel concluded that the anticipated dietary exposure of the adult population at the high level (97.5th percentile) may exceed the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for amaranth (E 123) of 0.15 mg/kg body weight per day. Following this conclusion, EFSA performed a refined exposure assessment for this food colour. New usage data from industry were submitted to EFSA. Further to this, missing usage data were requested from relevant stakeholders through a targeted call and new information and data were provided. With the use of the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, a refined exposure assessment was performed for amaranth (E 123). Dietary exposure for adults at the 95th percentile (up to 55.7 µg/kg bw/day) is about 15 times lower than that in the previous exposure assessment carried out in 2010. Overall, the refined exposure estimates for children, as well as for adults and the elderly, remain below the ADI.

European Food Safety Authority
ans [at]
EFSA Journal 2013;11(10):3442
Question Number
On request from