EFSA's Nutrition Unit has launched an open consultation on the draft scientific opinion on the safety of caffeine. This document addresses concerns raised by national and international bodies in relation to caffeine consumption in the following circumstances and age groups:
- caffeine consumption during pregnancy, lactation and adverse health effects in the fetus,
- acute and long-term effects of caffeine consumption on the central nervous system (e.g. sleep, anxiety, behavioural changes) in adults, adolescents, and children
- long-term adverse effects of caffeine consumption on the cardiovascular system in adults
- acute effects of caffeine consumption in “energy drinks” and risk of adverse health effects in adolescents and adults involving the cardiovascular and central nervous systems, particularly when consumed within short periods of time, at high doses, and in combination with alcohol and/or physical exercise
- acute effects of caffeine in combination with synephrine on the cardiovascular system.
EFSA is planning a stakeholders meeting to be held the first week of March 2015 to explain and discuss this draft opinion on the safety of caffeine with interested parties. The meeting will be shortly announced in the EFSA’s website.
The public consultation is open until 15 March 2015 and written comments can be provided either before or after discussion of the draft opinion at the stakeholders meeting. Please use exclusively the electronic template provided with the document to submit comments and refer to the line and page numbers. Please note that comments submitted by e-mail or by post cannot be taken into account and that a submission will not be considered if it:
- is submitted after the closing date of the public consultation
- is presented in any form other than what is provided for in the instructions and template
- is not related to the contents of the document
- contains complaints against institutions, personal accusations, irrelevant or offensive statements or material
- is related to policy or risk management aspects, which is out of the scope of EFSA's activity.
EFSA will assess all comments from interested parties which are submitted in line with the criteria above. The comments will be further considered by the relevant EFSA Panel and taken into consideration if found to be relevant.
All comments submitted will be published. Comments submitted by individuals in a personal capacity will be presented anonymously. Comments submitted formally on behalf of an organisation will appear with the name of the organisation.