GMO applications: Tools
Representativeness of the field trial sites for the agronomic/phenotypic and compositional characterisation of GM plants
Last modified: 11 May 2022
The Guidance on the agronomic and phenotypic characterisation of genetically modified plants explains how agronomic and phenotypic data support the risk assessment of GM plants. A key principle of the guidance is the representativeness of the field trials for the collection of agronomic/phenotypic and compositional data. According to this principle, the environmental and agronomic conditions of the field trials should capture enough variability within the set of possible receiving environments in which the GM plants can be grown.
These tools provide further practical assistance for the selection of field trial sites and the evaluation of their representativeness:
- Excel macro-enabled workbook named “weather soil sites macro” is a template proposed for the submission of the meteorological and soil data of field trials. The workbook generates tables and charts to visualise the data, including crop-specific diagrams based on suitability classes of soil characteristics (texture, pH and soil organic carbon content), historical climatic data of the typical crop growing seasons, as well as meteorological conditions occurred during the specific crop growing cycle (from sowing to harvest).
- Excel macro-enabled workbook named “sowing dates macro” which compares the sowing/harvesting dates of (US-based) field trials with the sowing/harvesting periods typical of those locations.
Additional information related to the representativeness of the field trial sites for the agronomic/phenotypic and compositional characterisation of GM plants can be found on the recorded webinar offered in 2022 and on slides presented during ad hoc meetings with applicants in 2017 and in 2019.
GMO analysis software
GMO analysis software is currently unavailable as the version originally published in this webpage was not compatible with the most recent versions of Windows. Possible solutions such as software updates are being evaluated.
Relevant food consumption data for the estimation of human dietary exposure in GMO applications
Last modified: 1 March 2022
Applicants can access summary statistics from the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database. These statistics allow a quick screening for chronic and acute dietary exposure as required for applications for authorisation of genetically modified plants (Commission Implementing Regulation EU 503/2013).
Specific summary statistics of consumption data (for chronic and acute consumption) for crops relevant to GMO applications are available in the form of Microsoft Excel files. These statistics contain data for the total population (all subjects/all days) and for consumers only/consumption days only, expressed in grams per day per kilogram of body weight (g/kg bw per day) codified under the first version of the FoodEx food classification system.
The Excel files contain consumption statistics for each relevant crop and all derived food commodities filtered by country, dietary survey, age class and special population groups. An additional spreadsheet for each crop provides information on different factors derived from yield factors and standard recipes (as described in the EFSA technical report on the raw primary commodity – RPC – model). To obtain accurate estimations, these factors should be applied to the consumption data before estimating dietary exposure. Embedded in the summary statistics there are also consumption data for certain food commodities for which ad hoc dietary exposure scenarios might be needed (e.g. dietary supplements such as pollen and protein-based supplements).
The Excel files will be updated as needed (e.g. as new consumption data and/or new information on yield factor/recipes become available). Applicants are advised to regularly check the EFSA website to ensure they are using the most up-to-date data.
The EFSA statement on human dietary exposure to GMO food gives guidance on how the summary statistics on the consumption and the concentration data on the constituents under assessment should be used. The approach described in the EFSA statement allows estimating chronic and acute dietary exposure for both average and high consumers.