The Comprehensive Food Consumption Database is a source of information on food consumption across the European Union (EU). It contains detailed data for a number of EU countries. Dietary data from the UK were included in the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database when the UK was a member of the European Union.
The database plays a key role in the evaluation of the risks related to possible hazards in food in the EU and allows estimates of consumers’ exposure to such hazards, a fundamental step in EFSA’s risk assessment work.
The database is also relevant to other fields of EFSA’s work, such as the assessment of nutrient intakes of the EU population.
EFSA uses the food classification system FoodEx2 to categorise foods and beverages included in the database.
Summary statistics from the database enable quick screening for chronic and acute exposure to substances and organisms that may be found in the food chain. In the database, dietary surveys and food consumption data for each country are divided by category. These include: age, from infants to adults aged 75 years or older; food group (over 2,500) and type of consumption, covering both regular and high consumption, thus allowing calculations to be tailored to each category of consumer.
These food consumption statistics are stored and presented in the EFSA Data Warehouse via the following links:
Chronic and acute food consumption statistics
Statistics on chronic and acute food consumption are available for:
- the total population (“all subjects” and ”all days”) or consumers only, and
- in grams per day (g/day) or grams per day per kilogram of body weight (g/kg bw per day).
The FoodEx2 "Exposure hierarchy" has the following seven levels:
- Level 1 (e.g. grains and grain-based products)
- Level 2 (e.g. fine bakery wares)
- Level 3 (e.g. cakes)
- Level 4 (e.g. plain cakes)
- Level 5 (e.g. cream cake)
- Level 6 (e.g. cheese cake)
- Level 7 (e.g. cheese cream sponge cake)