The EFSA Journal is an open-access, online scientific journal that publishes the scientific outputs of the European Food Safety Authority. EFSA’s various output types are devoted to the field of risk assessment in relation to food and feed and include nutrition, animal health and welfare, plant health and plant protection.
Current issue

Just Published: September, 2015

Scientific Opinions: Opinions of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel

Hot water treatment of Vitis sp. for Xylella fastidiosa

EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4225 [10 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4225
EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLH)
Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Plant Health (PLH) reviewed Italian technical guidelines and the ANSES (Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail) opinion on the use of hot water treatment (HWT) on Vitis sp. planting material, assessing its efficacy in the elimination of the xylem-invading bacterial pathogen, Xylella fastidiosa. HWT is a robust and reliable technique used to destroy life stages of pests (insects, nematodes) and to inactivate pathogens (phytoplasma, bacteria, fungi) in dormant plant propagation materials (grapevine and other crops). An effective HWT sanitizes the planting material without affecting plant survival and development. For grapevine, HWT to eliminate the Grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma (FD) from planting materials is among the special requirements for the introduction and movement of Vitis sp. to protected zones in the EU. The conditions of 50°C for 45 min, prescribed and recommended to sanitize grapevine planting material against FD, are considered by the Panel to be also effective against X. fastidiosa and its subspecies. Despite uncertainties on variable thermotolerances of the bacteria, a HWT treatment of 50°C for 45 minutes can effectively account for different thermotolerances. It should be noted that the quality of the HWT is subject to the proper application of the operating procedures to guarantee vigorous growth and pathogen freedom of planting material.

2 Septembre 2015

Reasoned Opinions

Modification of existing MRLs for fluxapyroxad in grapes and potatoes

EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4223 [25 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4223
European Food Safety Authority
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the Netherlands received an application from BASF SE to modify the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for the active substance fluxapyroxad in grapes and potatoes. In order to accommodate for the intended uses of fluxapyroxad, the Netherlands proposed to raise the existing MRLs to 0.5 mg/kg in table and wine grapes and 0.07 mg/kg in potatoes. The Netherlands drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA. According to EFSA, the submitted supervised residue trials are sufficient to derive MRL proposals of 0.5 mg/kg on table and wine grapes and 0.07 mg/kg on potatoes. Alternatively, risk managers may consider the MRL of 0.1 mg/kg for potatoes to cover potential residues in rotational crops as proposed in the conclusion of the peer review. Adequate analytical enforcement methods are available to monitor the residues of fluxapyroxad on the commodities under consideration. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the proposed uses of fluxapyroxad on table and wine grapes and potatoes will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore are unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.

3 Septembre 2015

Modification of the existing MRLs for cycloxydim in various crops

EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4219 [30 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4219
European Food Safety Authority
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, Germany, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from company BASF SE to modify the existing MRLs for cycloxydim in a wide range of crops. Many of the MRL proposals have in the meanwhile been evaluated by the Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues and implemented in the EU legislation. Only those crops for which an increase in the existing MRL for cycloxydim is still required according to the original application were considered by EFSA. According to EFSA, the data are sufficient to derive MRL proposals on beetroots, celeriacs, horseradishes, Jerusalem artichokes, parsnips, salsifies, swedes, aubergines, Brussels sprouts, head cabbages, Chinese cabbages, kales, escaroles, purslanes, beet leaves, rapeseeds, herbal infusions from roots and  horseradish spices. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the intended EU uses of cycloxydim will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore are unlikely to pose a public health concern. 

3 Septembre 2015

Review of the existing MRLs for chloridazon

EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4226 [52 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4226
European Food Safety Authority
Abstract

According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance chloridazon. In order to assess the occurrence of chloridazon residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Directive 91/414/EEC as well as the European authorisations reported by Member States (incl. the supporting residues data). Based on the assessment of the available data, MRL proposals were derived and a consumer risk assessment was carried out. Although no apparent risk to consumers was identified, some information required by the regulatory framework was found to be missing. Hence, the consumer risk assessment is considered indicative only and almost all MRL proposals derived by EFSA still require further consideration by risk managers.

3 Septembre 2015

Modification of existing MRLs and setting of import tolerances for chlorantraniliprole in various crops

EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4216 [23 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4216
European Food Safety Authority
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the United Kingdom, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an application from the company DuPont (UK) Ltd. to modify the existing MRLs for the active substance chlorantraniliprole in cauliflowers and other flowering brassica and to set import tolerances in pomegranates, beans (with pods), peas (with pods), globe artichokes, peanuts and hops. This application was notified to the European Commission and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and was subsequently evaluated by the EMS in accordance with Article 8 of the Regulation. EFSA concludes that the submitted supervised residue trials are sufficient to derive MRL proposals for all crops under consideration, except for peanuts and hops. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the authorised uses in the USA on pomegranates, beans, peas and globe artichokes and the intended southern Europe uses on flowering brassica will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference value and therefore is unlikely to pose a health risk to consumers.

3 Septembre 2015

Modification of the existing maximum residue level for fluopicolide in valerian

EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4217 [24 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4217
European Food Safety Authority
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the evaluating Member State (EMS), the Netherlands, received an application from Bayer Environmental S.A. for the active substance fluopicolide in valerian. In order to accommodate the residues occurring in valerian roots grown in rotation with potato crops treated with fluopicolide, the Netherlands proposed to raise the existing MRL for valerian, from the limit of quantification to 5 mg/kg. The Netherlands drafted an evaluation report in accordance with Article 8 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which was submitted to the European Commission and forwarded to EFSA.

From the use on potatoes where valerian is then planted as a following crop, adequate information was provided to propose raising the MRL in valerian to 7 mg/kg. Adequate analytical enforcement methods are available to control the residues of fluopicolide in valerian roots. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the practice of growing valerian following potato crops treated with fluopicolide will not result in consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.

2 Septembre 2015