EFSA collects and evaluates occurrence data on mycotoxins in food and feed. It also prepares guidance for applicants on how to conduct the safety and efficacy assessment of feed additives that help to reduce the contamination of feed by mycotoxins.
EFSA’s Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) provides risk managers with scientific advice to inform their decision-making on the setting of maximum levels of mycotoxins (such as ochratoxin A, deoxynivalenol or zearalenone) in food and feed. It looks at the related risks posed to human and animal health and may sets Tolerable Daily Intakes for various mycotoxins. With regard to mycotoxins in feed, the CONTAM Panel also considers the level of carry over from feed to foods of animal origin and identifies feed materials which could be considered as sources of exposure. EFSA’s work on aflatoxins, a type of mycotoxin found in ready-to-eat almonds, hazelnuts and pistachios, is detailed in a separate topic.
EFSA staff ensures the continuity of data collection on mycotoxins, integrating newly generated occurrence data into existing databases and supporting the creation of new ones.
The Panel on Additives and Products or Substances Used in Animal Feed carries out related work on the safety for animals of feed additives containing substances used to reduce the contamination of feed by mycotoxins. EFSA has also delivered advice on the guidelines to be followed for the submission of applications for the authorisation of this kind of feed additive.
Main work in progress
Requests for EFSA opinions on human and animal health risks related to the following mycotoxins in food and feed: