Using solutions containing peroxyacetic acid (PAA) to reduce contamination from pathogens on poultry carcasses and meat would not pose toxicity concerns, EFSA’s experts say. Some treatment applications are more effective than others, for example dipping in baths is more effective than spraying. EFSA’s experts also conclude that it is unlikely that the use of PAA would lead to the emergence of resistance to antimicrobials and reduced susceptibility to biocides. There are no concerns for environmental risks of all the components of the solution except for HEDP. Its release from a poultry plant into the environment is not always considered safe.