Sample-based data model extended to veterinary drug residues

EFSA is extending the use of its harmonised sample-based data reporting model to the collection of data on veterinary medicinal product residues in animals and animal products. 

Sample-based reporting using standardised description elements is already used to collect occurrence data from Member States in areas such as food additives, chemical contaminants, pesticide residues and antimicrobial resistance. 

Monitoring data on veterinary medicinal product (VMP) residues are currently submitted annually in an aggregated format to a database maintained by the European Commission. EFSA then examines the data and presents the results in annual reports. However, aggregation does not lend itself to complex statistical analysis and is of limited value for quantitative exposure and risk assessments. The move to direct collection of data in a sample-based format will enable EFSA and the European Commission to tackle questions related to the risk assessment and risk management of VMP residues. 

As with the other areas, providers will be asked to submit data through EFSA’s web-based Data Collection Framework (DCF). To support reporting countries, EFSA has published guidelines  on the reporting of data on VMP residues in live animals and animal products using the sample-based model. The guidelines include detailed information on the format and type of content required for submission through the DCF.

EFSA also offers financial assistance to help Member States adopt its sample-based model (Standard Sample Description 2, or SSD2) for data collections in different domains. In 2014 eight contracts were awarded to support collection of SSD2 data on pesticides, food additives, and chemical or microbiological contaminants. This year the call – which will be launched in the coming weeks – has been extended to include VMP residues. 

Adopting SSD2 as a one-stop reporting model for different domains will ultimately help Member States to save time and money in both the collection and transmission of data.