Safety of 2’‐fucosyllactose/difucosyllactose mixture as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283

2’-fucosyllactose, difucosyllactose, 2’-FL, DFL, oligosaccharide, novel food, safety
First published in the EFSA Journal
11 June 2019
15 May 2019
Scientific Opinion


Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on 2’‐fucosyllactose/difucosyllactose (2’‐FL/DFL) mixture as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The NF is a powdered mixture mainly composed of two oligosaccharides, 2’‐FL and DFL, which are produced together by fermentation with a genetically modified strain of Escherichia coli K12. The information provided on the manufacturing process, composition and specifications of the NF does not raise safety concerns. The applicant intends to add the NF in a variety of foods, including infant and follow‐on formula, foods for infants and young children, foods for special medical purposes and food supplements. The target population is the general population except for food supplements, for which the target population is individuals above 1 year of age. Since the intake of 2’‐FL and DFL from the NF at the proposed use levels is unlikely to exceed the intake level of naturally occurring 2’‐FL and DFL in breastfed infants per kilogram body weight, the Panel concludes that the NF, a mixture of 2’‐FL and DFL, is safe under the proposed conditions of use for the proposed target population.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Dominique Turck, Jacqueline Castenmiller, Stefaan De Henauw, Karen Ildico Hirsch‐Ernst, John Kearney, Helle Katrine Knutsen, Alexandre Maciuk, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry J McArdle, Androniki Naska, Carmen Pelaez, Kristina Pentieva, Alfonso Siani, Frank Thies, Sophia Tsabouri and Marco Vinceti.
Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens
nda [at]
EFSA Journal 2019;17(6):5717
Question Number
On request from
European Commission following an application by Glycom A/S