Iron and contribution to the normal function of the immune system

Tabs

Article
iron;infants;children;immune system;health claims
First published in the EFSA Journal
19 July 2016
Adopted
28 June 2016
Type
Scientific Opinion
Abstract

Following an application from Specialised Nutrition Europe (formerly IDACE), submitted for authorisation of a health claim pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 via the Competent Authority of France, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on the scientific substantiation of a health claim related to iron and contribution to the normal function of the immune system. The scope of the application was proposed to fall under a health claim referring to children's development and health. The Panel considers that the food constituent, iron, which is the subject of the health claim, is sufficiently characterised and that contribution to the normal function of the immune system is a beneficial physiological effect. The target population proposed by the applicant is ‘infants and young children from birth to 3 years of age’. The Panel has previously assessed a claim on iron and contribution to the normal function of the immune system in the general population with a favourable outcome. The Panel considers that the role of iron in the functioning of the immune system applies to all ages, including infants and young children up to 3 years of age. The Panel concludes that a cause and effect relationship has been established between the dietary intake of iron and contribution to the normal function of the immune system. The following wording reflects the scientific evidence: ‘Iron contributes to the normal function of the immune system’. The target population is infants and young children up to 3 years of age.

Panel members at the time of adoption
Jean-Louis Bresson, Barbara Burlingame, Tara Dean, Susan Fairweather-Tait, Marina Heinonen, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry McArdle, Androniki Naska, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Grażyna Nowicka, Kristina Pentieva, Yolanda Sanz, Alfonso Siani, Anders Sjödin, Martin Stern, Daniel Tomé, Dominique Turck, Hendrik Van Loveren, Marco Vinceti and Peter Willatts
Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies
Contact
nda [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4548
EFSA Journal 2016;14(7):4548 [8 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
Competent Authority of France following an application by Specialised Nutrition Europe (SNE, formerly IDACE)
Print on demand
Number of Pages
8