Reasoned opinion on the modification of the existing MRLs for cyromazine in various leaf vegetables and fresh herbs


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2015;13(1):4004 [22 pp.].
Reasoned Opinion
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
No EFSA-Q-2014-00600
22 January 2015
Published in the EFSA Journal
30 January 2015
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, Belgium, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), compiled an application to modify the existing maximum residue levels (MRLs) for cyromazine in leaves and sprouts of brassica spp, spinach and similar leaves from the limit of quantification (LOQ) of 0.05mg/kg to 3 mg/kg and to confirm the provisional MRLs of 3 mg/kg in lettuce and rocket and to conclude on a MRL of 3 or 15 mg/kg in lamb lettuce and herbs. According to EFSA the data are sufficient to derive an MRL proposal of 3 mg/kg for lettuce, extrapolated to the crop groups ‘lettuce and other salad plants including brassicacea’ (except scarole), ‘spinach and similar (leaves)’ and ‘herbs’. The assessment covers the indoor uses of cyromazine only. Adequate analytical enforcement methods are available to control the residues of cyromazine and melamine in plant matrices. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that the proposed use of cyromazine on the crops under consideration will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a consumer health risk.

cyromazine, leaf vegetables and fresh herbs, MRL application, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, triazine, melamine
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