Import tolerance for glyphosate in genetically modified oilseed rape

Tabs

Article
glyphosate, oilseed rape DP-Ø73496-4, MRL application, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, N-acetyl-AMPA, N-acetyl-glyphosate
First published in the EFSA Journal
5 November 2013
Approved
30 October 2013
Type
Reasoned Opinion
Abstract

In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, Germany, hereafter referred to as the evaluating Member State (EMS), received an import tolerance application from the company DuPont de Nemours for the authorized use of glyphosate in Canada and United States on genetically modified oilseed rape containing the glyphosate N-acetyltransferase (gat) gene. The EMS assessed a new metabolism study and residue trials of glyphosate on oilseed rape containing the gat gene and concluded that there is no need to modify the existing residue definitions and MRLs for glyphosate. EFSA confirms the conclusions of the EMS that the metabolic pathway of glyphosate in genetically modified oilseed rape, maize and soybean containing the gat gene proceeds similarly and the current risk assessment residue definition is applicable. For enforcement, three options for residue definition as previously proposed by EFSA for glyphosate tolerant crops with gat gene are still valid. For the critical Canadian use, the existing EU MRL of 10 mg/kg in rape seed is found to be sufficient if the current enforcement residue definition “glyphosate” is maintained. For alternative enforcement residue definitions “sum of glyphosate and N-acetyl-glyphosate, expressed as glyphosate” and “N-acetyl-glyphosate, expressed as glyphosate”, a MRL proposal of 20 mg/kg is derived. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concludes that residues of glyphosate in genetically modified rape seed containing the gat gene will not result in a consumer exposure exceeding the toxicological reference values and therefore is unlikely to pose a public health concern.

Contact
pesticides.mrl [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3456
EFSA Journal 2013;11(11):3456 [30 pp.].
European Food Safety Authority
Question Number
On request from
European Commission
Print on demand
Number of Pages
30