Guidance on the risk assessment of the application of nanoscience and nanotechnologies in the food and feed chain

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Article
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2011;9(5):2140 [36 pp.].
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2011.2140
Panel members at the time of adoption
Boris Antunović, Susan Barlow, Andrew Chesson, Albert Flynn, Anthony Hardy, Klaus-Dieter Jany, Michael-John Jeger, Ada Knaap, Harry Kuiper, John-Christian Larsen, David Lovell, Birgit Noerrung, Josef Schlatter, Vittorio Silano, Frans Smulders and Philippe Vannier
Acknowledgements

The Scientific Committee wishes to thank the members of the Working Group on Nanotechnologies – Guidance for the preparatory work for this scientific opinion: Mona-Lise Binderup, Qasim Chaudhry, Wim De Jong, Corrado Galli (member until February 2011), David Gott, Rolf Hertel, Akihiko Hirose, Wolfgang Kreyling, Hermann Stamm and Stefan Weigel, and EFSA staff member David Carlander for the support provided to this scientific opinion.

Type
Guidance of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
On request from
European Commission
Question Number
EFSA-Q-2009-00942
Adopted
6 April 2011
Published in the EFSA Journal
10 May 2011
Affiliation
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Note
Abstract

The European Food Safety Authority has developed a practical approach for assessing potential risks arising from applications of nanoscience and nanotechnologies in the food and feed chain. Guidance is provided on: (i) the physico-chemical characterisation requirements of engineered nanomaterials used e.g. as food additives, enzymes, flavourings, food contact materials, novel foods, feed additives and pesticides and; (ii) testing approaches to identify and characterise hazards arising from the nanoproperties which, in general, should include information from in vitro genotoxicity, absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion and repeated-dose 90-day oral toxicity studies in rodents. The guidance allows for reduced information to be provided when no exposure to the engineered nanomaterial is verified by data indicating no migration from food contact materials or when complete degradation/dissolution is demonstrated with no absorption of engineered nanomaterials as such. The guidance indicates uncertainties that should be considered to perform a risk assessment. As this sector is under fast development, this guidance document will be revised as appropriate.

Keywords
Engineered Nanomaterials, Food, Feed, Guidance, Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, Risk Assessment
Print on demand
Themes
Food technology and food safety
ISBN number
978-92-9199-465-6
Catalogue number
TM-30-12-980-EN-C
Price
€ 3.00
Number of Pages
36
Order status
Available