Safety of ethyl lauroyl arginate (E 243) as a food additive in the light of the new information provided and the proposed extension of use

ethyl lauroyl arginate, E 243, CAS: 60372-77-2, food additive, toxicity, dietary exposure
First published in the EFSA Journal
8 Marzo 2019
30 Enero 2019
Scientific Opinion


The present scientific opinion deals with the evaluation of the safety of the food additive ethyl lauroyl arginate (E 243) in the light of a new interpretation of the available toxicological data and with respect to the proposed changes to the currently authorised conditions of use. Ethyl lauroyl arginate (E 243) is an already authorised food additive in the EU for use in heat‐treated meat products only, with some exceptions. The safety of ethyl lauroyl arginate (E 243) as a food additive has been evaluated in 2007 by EFSA and an acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 0.5 mg/kg body weight (bw) was set. The present assessment is based on a new interpretation of the available data elaborated by the applicant and on exposure estimates calculated by the Panel for both the current and the proposed changes to the authorised uses of this food additive. The Panel considered the new information provided, including the re‐examination of some of the results from the toxicological studies included in the original application dossier submitted for the initial evaluation of ethyl lauroyl arginate (E 243) in 2007. The Panel concluded that it does not contain new scientific evidence. The concerns and uncertainties expressed in the previous scientific opinions of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Foods (AFC) and Panel on Food additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) remain to be addressed and there is no justification for changing the current ADI. Based on the above, the Panel concluded that the current ADI of 0.5 mg/kg bw would be reached in toddlers and children at the 95th percentile already for exposure estimates calculated using the currently permitted maximum level (ML) for ethyl lauroyl arginate (E 243). At the proposed new uses and use levels, the ADI would be exceeded at mean level of consumption in all age groups.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Gabriele Aquilina, Laurence Castle, Karl‐Heinz Engel, Paul Fowler, Maria Jose Frutos Fernandez, Peter Fürst, Rainer Gürtler, Ursula Gundert‐Remy, Trine Husøy, Wim Mennes, Peter Moldeus, Agneta Oskarsson, Romina Shah, Ine Waalkens‐Berendsen, Detlef Wölfle and Maged Younes.
Panel on Food Additives and Flavourings
fip [at]
EFSA Journal 2019;17(3):5621
Question Number
On request from
European Commission