Safety and efficacy of concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base) and l‐lysine monohydrochloride produced by fermentation with Corynebacterium casei KCCM 80190 as feed additives for all animal species

nutritional additive, ‘amino acids, their salts and analogues’, concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base), lysine monohydrochloride, Corynebacterium casei, Safety, efficacy
First published in the EFSA Journal
10 novembre 2020
Adopted
30 settembre 2020
Type
Scientific Opinion

Legal notice: Relevant information or parts of this scientific output have been blackened in accordance with the confidentiality requests formulated by the applicant pending a decision thereon by the European Commission. The full output has been shared with the European Commission, EU Member States and the applicant. The blackening will be subject to review once the decision on the confidentiality requests is adopted by the European Commission.

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base) and l‐lysine monohydrochloride (HCl) produced using Corynebacterium caseiKCCM 80190 when used as nutritional additives in feed and water for drinking for all animal species. The active substance is l‐lysine. The production strain is genetically modified. It does not carry acquired antimicrobial resistance genes and no viable cells of the production strain nor its DNA were detected in the final products. Therefore, the additives do not pose any safety concern regarding the genetic modifications. Concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base) and l‐lysine HCl produced by C. caseiKCCM 80190 do not represent a risk for the target species, the consumer and the environment. From the results of studies on the safety for the user of concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base) and l‐lysine HCl produced by a different production strain, it was possible to conclude on the safety for the user of the products under assessment. Concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base) produced by C. caseiKCCM 80190 is considered hazardous by inhalation, not irritant to skin and eyes and it is not a skin sensitiser. l‐Lysine HCl produced by C. caseiKCCM 80190 is considered hazardous by inhalation, it is not irritant to skin but mildly irritant to eyes and it is not a skin sensitiser. Concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base) and l‐lysine HCl are considered efficacious sources of the essential amino acid l‐lysine for non‐ruminant animal species. For the supplemental l‐lysine to be as efficacious in ruminants as in non‐ruminant species, it would require protection against degradation in the rumen.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Vasileios Bampidis, Giovanna Azimonti, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Henrik Christensen, Birgit Dusemund, Maryline Kouba, Mojca Fošman Durjava, Marta López‐Alonso, Secundino López Puente, Francesca Marcon, Baltasar Mayo, Alena Pechová, Mariana Petkova, Fernando Ramos, Yolanda Sanz, Roberto Edoardo Villa and Ruud Woutersen.
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
Contact
feedap [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6285
EFSA Journal 2020;18(11):6285
Question Number
On request from
European Commission