Romanian national food consumption survey for adolescents, adults and elderly

First published in EFSA Supporting Publications
8 septembre 2020
External Scientific Report

Disclaimer: The present document has been produced and adopted by the bodies identified above as authors. This task has been carried out exclusively by the authors in the context of a contract between the European Food Safety Authority and the authors, awarded following a tender procedure. The present document is published complying with the transparency principle to which the Authority is subject. It may not be considered as an output adopted by the Authority. The European Food Safety Authority reserves its rights, view and position as regards the issues addressed and the conclusions reached in the present document, without prejudice to the rights of the authors.


CARF (“Ce Are Românul în Farfurie”) (“What the Romanians have in their Plate”) is the dietary survey carried out in Romania in order to collect food consumption data on representative samples of adolescents (356 subjects 10‐17 years old), adults (740 subjects 18‐64 years old), elderly (356 subjects 65‐74 years old) and ad hoc samples of pregnant women (142 subjects) and vegetarians (266 subjects). The study began in 2015 and was completed in 2020. Data on food consumption for over 1500 individuals for adolescents, adults, elderly, vegetarians and pregnant women was collected and obtained by means of two 24‐hour recall interviews covering two seasons and equally representing weekdays and weekends. The interview data was complemented by a Food Propensity Questionnaire in line with the EFSA “Guidance on the EU Menu Methodology”. The data will be included in the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database. The software used for the collection of data was the CARF software. The weight and height if the participants were self‐reported. The participation rate was 72% (people who agreed to participate) and final response rate 59.6% (people who answered the second interview).The survey was funded through an EFSA procurement contract and included in the EU Menu Project. No major deviation from the EU Menu guidance or technical specifications was registered while implementing the survey.

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