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Safety evaluation of the food enzyme β‐galactosidase from the genetically modified Kluyveromyces lactis strain KLA

on the Wiley Online Library


Panel members at the time of adoption

José Manuel Barat Baviera, Claudia Bolognesi, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Riccardo Crebelli, David Michael Gott, Konrad Grob, Claude Lambré, Evgenia Lampi, Marcel Mengelers, Alicja Mortensen, Gilles Rivière, Inger‐Lise Steffensen, Christina Tlustos, Henk Van Loveren, Laurence Vernis and Holger Zorn.


The food enzyme β‐galactosidase (β‐d‐galactoside galactohydrolase; EC is produced with the genetically modified Kluyveromyces lactis strain KLA by DSM Food Specialties B.V. The genetic modifications did not give rise to safety concerns. The food enzyme was considered free from viable cells of the production organism and its DNA. The food enzyme is intended to be used for the lactose hydrolysis in milk processing, production of fermented milk products and whey processing. It is also intended for lactose hydrolysis in milk products at home. Dietary exposure to the food enzyme–total organic solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 11.876 mg TOS/kg body weight per day in European populations. The production strain of the food enzyme fulfils the requirements for the Qualified Presumption of Safety (QPS) approach to safety assessment. As no concerns arising from its genetic modification or from the manufacturing process have been identified, the Panel considered that toxicological tests are not needed for the assessment of this food enzyme. A search for similarity of the amino acid sequence of the food enzyme to known allergens was made and no match was found. The Panel considered that, under the intended conditions of use, the risk of allergic reactions by dietary exposure cannot be excluded, but the likelihood for this to occur is low. The Panel concluded that this food enzyme does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use.