The conclusions of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) following the peer review of the initial risk assessments carried out by the competent authority of the rapporteur Member State the United Kingdom and the co-rapporteur Member State France for the pesticide active substance cyantraniliprole and the assessment of applications for maximum residue levels (MRLs) are reported. The context of the peer review was that required by Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The conclusions were reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses of cyantraniliprole as an insecticide on various crops in agriculture and horticulture. MRLs were assessed in oranges, mandarins, apples/pears, peaches, apricots, plums, vine grapes, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumber/courgettes, melon, lettuce, beans and olives. The reliable endpoints concluded as being appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment and the proposed MRLs, derived from the available studies and literature in the dossier peer reviewed, are presented. Missing information identified as being required by the regulatory framework is listed. Concerns are identified.