Hungarian national food consumption survey on toddlers and other children
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The Hungarian national food consumption survey on toddlers and children was conducted between 2018‐2020 according to the EFSA EU MENU methodology. Valid data was collected from a total of 1072 participants (overall response rate 75%) 535 toddlers aged from one to below three years old (response rate 82% among female and 74% among male population), and 537 children aged from three to nine years old (response rate 70% among female and 74% among male population). The sampling frame for the survey was the nationally representative sample of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office used for the implementation of Household Budget Survey in Hungary. Survey participants were randomly selected by using a stratified sampling method. Participants were asked to provide information on their food consumption for two non‐consecutive days, with at least 10 days interval. Consumption was recorded in a 24‐hour food diary and computer assisted telephone and personal recall interviews were carried out subsequently. Recall interviews were complemented with questionnaires. Fieldwork was executed by contracted dietitians, by using dietary software which was updated according to the methodology. National protocols and relating training materials were prepared to assist the interviewer's work. Prior to the nationwide data collection, a pilot study was implemented to test the feasibility of the documents and the dietary software. The Hungarian survey extended to all regions of the country, covered four seasons and all days of the week. Dietary pattern of the whole year was represented, including the periodically consumed foods as well, paying attention to the seasonal fruits, vegetables and holiday seasons.