The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) carried out a public consultation to receive input from the scientific community and all interested parties on the draft guidance on the preparation and presentation of an application for authorisation of a Novel Food, prepared by the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA Panel) and endorsed by the Panel for public consultation at its Plenary meeting on 1 February 2016. The written public consultation for this document was open from 18 February 2016 to 21 April 2016. EFSA received 193 comments from 25 interested parties. As part of EFSA’s public consultation, a stakeholders’ meeting was held in Brussels on 11 April 2016. EFSA and its NDA Panel wish to thank all stakeholders for their contributions. The current report summarises the outcome of the public consultation, and includes a brief summary of the comments received and how the comments were addressed. The NDA Panel prepared an updated version of the guidance taking into account the comments received. The guidance was discussed and adopted at the NDA Plenary meeting on 21 September 2016, and is published in the EFSA Journal.