Study of the different evaluation areas in the pesticide risk assessment process
Approval of active substances and authorisation of plant protection products in the EU is made based on a strict risk assessment of the agronomic use of the plant protection products. Regulation 1107/2009 regulates the procedure in the EU with complex procedures involving many actors. ‘The Farm to Fork strategy’ and ‘The Biodiversity for 2030 strategy’, that are the heart of the ‘European Green Deal’, aiming to make food systems fair, healthy, environmentally friendly and put Europe's biodiversity on the path to recovery by 2030, for the benefit of people, climate and the planet. Therefore, ‘The Farm to Fork strategy’ and ‘The Biodiversity for 2030 strategy’ represents a challenge for the evaluation and authorisation of plant protection products in which the risk management will constitute a key element on the approval of active substances and authorisation of plant protection products. The aim of the work was to get knowledge of the large body of EU legislation and guidelines in the plant production products, identifying the most critical points of the pesticide evaluation in each of its areas, analysing the complexity and the interaction between these different areas. This study allowed to have a global and clearer vision of these procedures, with the focus on highlighting inconsistency and to propose speed up alternatives. Finally, this work will also facilitate not only the risk assessment but also the decision‐making on the approval of active substances and the authorisation of plant protection products.