Critical comparison of available and potential higher tier testing approaches for the risk assessment of plant protection products, considering at least field and semi-field experimental designs, extrapolation from dose-response relationship, and increased dosages (aquatic and terrestrial). Literature reviews on ecotoxicology of chemicals with special focus on plant protection products. CFT/EFSA/PPR/2008/01. Exponent. UK.

First published in EFSA Supporting Publications
19 November 2009
30 September 2009
Last Updated
9 December 2009. This version replaces the previous one/s.
External Scientific Report

The present document has been produced and adopted by the bodies identified above as authors. In accordance with Article 36 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, this task has been carried out exclusively by the authors in the context of a grant agreement between the European Food Safety Authority and the authors. The present document is published complying with the transparency principle to which the European Food Safety Authority is subject. It may not be considered as an output adopted by EFSA. EFSA reserves its rights, view and position as regards the issues addressed and the conclusions reached in the present document, without prejudice to the rights of the authors.


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