EFSA Journal

EFSA publishes all its scientific outputs, including its scientific opinions, in the EFSA Journal. It also issues a range of supporting publications. See also Definitions of EFSA Scientific Outputs and Supporting Publications.

Results 31 - 40 of 142

Avian influenza overview October 2016–August 2017

The A(H5N8) highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) epidemic occurred in 29 European countries in 2016/2017 and has been the largest ever recorded in the EU in terms of number of poultry outbreaks, geographical extent and number of dead wild birds. Multi ...

Human and animal dietary exposure to T-2 and HT-2 toxin

T-2 toxin (T2) and HT-2 (HT2) toxin are trichothecenes, which form part of the group of  Fusarium mycotoxins. Food and feed samples used to estimate human dietary and animal exposure were reported either as the individual results for T2 and/or, HT2, and/o ...

Scientific Report
14 August 2017

Human and animal dietary exposure to ergot alkaloids

The ergot alkaloids (EAs) are mycotoxins produced by several species of fungi in the genus  Claviceps. In Europe,  Claviceps purpurea  is the most widespread species and it commonly affects cereals such as rye, wheat, triticale, barley, millets and oats. ...

Scientific Report
06 July 2017

Dietary exposure to Alternaria toxins

Alternaria toxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi that can contaminate cereals, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables. The chronic dietary exposure to four individual Alternaria toxins was estimated using 15,563 analytical results/4,249 samples (3,6 ...

Scientific Report
23 December 2016

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids exposure assessment

Chronic and acute dietary exposure to pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) was estimated in the European population via the consumption of plant‐derived foods. This resulted in highest estimates of mean chronic dietary exposure of 34.5–48.4 ng/kg body weight (bw ...

Scientific Report
26 August 2016

Non-dietary exposure to chemicals

The current scientific report aims at providing a document that compiles and summarise relevant information on non-dietary exposure derived from the use of consumer products and via the environment (dust, air, etc.). Leading institutions and organisations ...

Scientific Report
05 July 2016

Novel chemical hazard characterisation approaches

There is a fundamental change in thinking within the regulatory community due to a better understanding of the underlying biology of adverse effects to human health and the environment. The development of alternatives to use laboratory animals has become ...