EFSA Journal

EFSA publishes all its scientific outputs, including its scientific opinions, in the EFSA Journal. It also issues a range of supporting publications. See also Definitions of EFSA Scientific Outputs and Supporting Publications.

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Small hive beetle diagnosis and risk management options

Visual inspection of a bee hive or commodity combined with the use of traps is recommended to screen for small hive beetle (SHB) presence. Any observation or result of a screening test suggesting the presence of SHB should be confirmed. Treatments like he ...

Stunning small ruminants

 EFSA commissioned a comprehensive review of the welfare aspects of electrical stunning methods for small ruminants with an emphasize on low ampere stunning to establish the state of the art in the field and to assess whether scientific studies would addr ...

Rubber flooring and pig welfare

The Commission requested EFSA to assess three studies concerning the use of rubber slats in pig holdings regarding the statistical differences between the welfare outcomes for sows and gilts when comparing concrete slatted floors and floors with a rubber ...

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