Safety and efficacy of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (NCIMB 30229) as a silage additive for all animal species

technological additive, silage additive, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, safety, cytotoxicity, methanol extract, efficacy
First published in the EFSA Journal
15 June 2017
18 May 2017
Last Updated
9 February 2018. This version replaces the previous one/s.
Scientific Opinion

The additive under assessment is a preparation of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens NCIMB 3022 intended for use as a technological additive in forages for all animal species at a proposed minimum dose of 5 × 107 CFU/kg fresh materials. The species B. amyloliquefaciens is considered by EFSA to be suitable for the qualified presumption of safety approach to safety assessment. This approach requires the identification of the strain and evidence that it is not toxigenic and does not show acquired resistance to relevant antibiotics. In a previous assessment, the identity and susceptibility to clinically relevant antibiotics of the active agent was established but the lack of toxigenic potential could not be demonstrated. Therefore, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) could not conclude on the safety of the product for target animals, consumers, users or the environment. In the same opinion, the potential of the additive to improve aerobic stability of silages at the proposed dose was not convincingly demonstrated. A new cytotoxicity study was conducted using methanol extracts. The methanol extract was cytotoxic at the inclusion level of 5%, while no cytotoxicity was observed at lower concentrations. The current guidance on Bacillus requires absence of toxic effect using the non-concentrated supernatant. Since the applicant was unable to determine the correlation between the methanol extracts and the Bacillus supernatant concentrations, the FEEDAP Panel is unable to conclude on the toxigenic potential of the strain based on the current data. An additional efficacy study with a similar protocol to the ones previously assessed was conducted. The study showed an improved aerobic stability when added to forage at the proposed dose. However, the FEEDAP Panel remains unable to conclude on the efficacy of the additive to improve the ensiling process on the basis of a single positive result.

Panel members at the time of adoption
Gabriele Aquilina, Giovanna Azimonti, Vasileios Bampidis, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Georges Bories, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Gerhard Flachowsky, Jürgen Gropp, Boris Kolar, Maryline Kouba, Secundino López Puente, Marta López Alonso, Alberto Mantovani, Baltasar Mayo, Fernando Ramos, Guido Rychen, Maria Saarela, Roberto Edoardo Villa, Robert John Wallace and Pieter Wester.
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
feedap [at]
EFSA Journal 2017;15(6):4860
Question Number
On request from
European Commission
The full opinion will be published in accordance with article 8(6) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 once the decision on confidentiality, in line with article 18(2) of the Regulation, will be received from the European Commission.