Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB 42150 for all animal species

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Article
technological additive, silage additive, Lactobacillus plantarum, safety, QPS, efficacy
First published in the EFSA Journal
22 June 2016
Adopted
24 May 2016
Type
Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel
Abstract

The EFSA Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of a specific strain of Lactobacillus plantarum when used as a technological additive intended to improve ensiling at a proposed application rate of 1 × 108 colony forming unit (CFU)/kg fresh material. L. plantarum is considered by EFSA to be suitable for the qualified presumption of safety approach to safety assessment and not to require specific demonstration of safety other than demonstrating the absence of resistance to antibiotics of human and veterinary significance. As the identity of the strain was clearly established and as no antibiotic resistance was detected, the use of the strain in the production of silage is presumed safe for livestock species, consumers of products from animals fed treated silage and the environment. In the absence of data, no conclusion can be drawn on the skin and eye irritancy or skin sensitisation of the additive. The additive should be considered as a potential respiratory sensitiser. Five studies with laboratory-scale silos were made using forage of differing water-soluble carbohydrate content. Replicate silos containing forages treated at the proposed application rate were compared to identical silos containing the same but untreated forage. In addition, in four studies, formic acid was included as positive control. The mini-silos were then stored for 90–103 days at 20–24°C. After opening, the contents of the silos were analysed. Results showed that this strain of L. plantarum has the potential to improve the production of silage from easy, moderately difficult and difficult to ensile forage species by increasing the production of lactic acid, reducing the pH and increasing the preservation of dry matter when used at an application rate of 1 × 108 CFU/kg.

Panel members at the time of adoption
Gabriele Aquilina, Giovanna Azimonti, Vasileios Bampidis, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Georges Bories, Andrew Chesson, Pier Sandro Cocconcelli, Maria Luisa Fernández-Cruz, Gerhard Flachowsky, Jürgen Gropp, Boris Kolar, Maryline Kouba, Secundino López Puente, Marta López-Alonso, Alberto Mantovani, Baltasar Mayo, Fernando Ramos, Guido Rychen, Maria Saarela, Roberto Edoardo Villa, Robert John Wallace and Pieter Wester
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
Contact
feedap [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4506
EFSA Journal 2016;14(6):4506 [9 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
European Commission
Print on demand
Number of Pages
9