According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was required to review the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance carvone (d-/l-carvone at a ratio of at least 100:1). Furthermore, the Netherlands compiled an application to include carvone in Annex IV of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, which lists the active substances that do not require the setting of MRLs. EFSA’s Scientific Committee also adopted a Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of carvone, considering all sources of exposure to carvone. The outcome of the assessment was compared to the criteria defined by the European Commission for inclusion of pesticide active substances in Annex IV of the Regulation. As the consumer exposure resulting from the pesticide use of d-carvone was found to be lower than the exposure resulting from the other uses than pesticides, inclusion of d-carvone in Annex IV of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 seems appropriate.