Biological hazards data

EFSA analyses data on zoonotic diseases (infections and diseases that are transmissible between animals and humans), antimicrobial resistance and food-borne outbreaks across the EU.

Data are submitted annually by Member States, in compliance with EU regulation.

EFSA publishes, in collaboration with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), annual European Union Summary Reports based on this data.

EFSA also analyses the EU-wide baseline surveys on zoonotic agents (such as Salmonella, Campylobacter and Listeria, in animals and food), and on antimicrobial resistance. These surveys are fully harmonised and therefore provide comparable values for all Member States. Survey results are used by the European Commission to set EU reduction targets or to consider the need for actions at EU level.

EFSA has also published several reports providing guidance for Member States on the monitoring and reporting of zoonotic diseases and antimicrobial resistance and food-borne outbreaks.


Aggregated statistics on data submitted by Member States to EFSA are stored and presented in EFSA Data Warehouse (Adobe Flash Player required – free download available at the Adobe website).

Food-borne outbreak investigation systems are not harmonised between reporting countries. In addition, some countries have implemented changes in their way of reporting data over the years. These differences impede the comparison of reported data between different countries and in some cases between data of the same country in different years. Reported data therefore do not necessarily reflect the level of food safety in each country.