Safety of vitamin B12 (in the form of cyanocobalamin) produced by Ensifer adhaerensCNCM‐I 5541 for all animal species | Europäische Behörde für Lebensmittelsicherheit Direkt zum Inhalt

Safety of vitamin B12 (in the form of cyanocobalamin) produced by Ensifer adhaerensCNCM‐I 5541 for all animal species


Panel members at the time of adoption

Vasileios Bampidis, Giovanna Azimonti, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Henrik Christensen, Birgit Dusemund, Mojca Fašmon Durjava, Maryline Kouba, Marta López‐Alonso, Secundino López Puente, Francesca Marcon, Baltasar Mayo, Alena Pechová, Mariana Petkova, Fernando Ramos, Yolanda Sanz, Roberto Edoardo Villa and Ruud Woutersen.
Legal notice: Relevant information or parts of this scientific output have been blackened in accordance with the confidentiality requests formulated by the applicant pending a decision thereon by the European Commission. The full output has been shared with the European Commission, EU Member States and the applicant. The blackening will be subject to review once the decision on the confidentiality requests is adopted by the European Commission.


The vitamin B12 (in the form of cyanocobalamin) under assessment is produced by fermentation with a genetically modified strain of Ensifer adhaerens and it is intended to be used as a nutritional additive for all animal species. In 2018, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) of EFSA issued an opinion on the safety and efficacy of the product. In that assessment, the Panel could not conclude on the safety of the additive for the target species, consumers and the environment due to uncertainties on the safety of the production strain and the resulting product. Due to high endotoxin content, potential inhalation exposure when handling premixtures and reported irritancy for skin and eyes, the additive was considered to pose a risk to user safety. The applicant provided supplementary data on the identity of the production strain, its susceptibility to antibiotics and toxigenic potential, as well as on the absence of cells and recombinant DNA of the production strain in the final product. The production strain is not expected to produce any toxic compound during fermentation but harbours antimicrobial resistance genes. However, viable cells and recombinant DNA of the strain were not detected in the most concentrated form of the additive. With this new information, the FEEDAP Panel concluded that vitamin B12 produced by E. adhaerensCNCM I‐5541 (identified as SCM 2034 in the previous opinion) is safe for all animal species, the consumers and the environment. The applicant did not provide new evidence that would lead the FEEDAP Panel to reconsider previous conclusions regarding the safety for the user.

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