Hazard analysis approaches for certain small retail establishments and food donations: second scientific opinion

food safety management, small food retail distribution centre, supermarkets, restaurants, catering, food donation, prerequisite programme
First published in the EFSA Journal
7. November 2018
27. September 2018
Scientific Opinion


In 2017, EFSA published a ‘simplified’ food safety management system (FSMS) for certain small retail establishments (butcher, grocer, baker, fish and ice cream shop) based on the application of prerequisite programme (PRP) criteria. The aim of this opinion was to develop similar FSMSs for other small retail enterprises including retail distribution centres, supermarkets, restaurants (including pubs and other catering activities) and food donation. The latter presents several novel food safety challenges because donated food may be nearing the end of its shelf-life and several actors are involved in the food donation chain, each reliant on each other to assure food safety. In this opinion, the simplified approach to food safety management is presented based on a fundamental understanding of processing stages and the activities contributing to increased occurrence of the hazards (biological, chemical (including allergens) or physical) that may occur. Control is achieved using PRP activities as previously described but with a modified ‘temperature control’ PRP and the addition of PRPs covering shelf-life control, handling returned foods, shelf-life evaluation for food donation, allocation of remaining shelf-life, and freezing food intended for donation. Examples of the simplified approach are presented for retail distribution centres, supermarkets, restaurants and food donation.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Kostas Koutsoumanis, Ana Allende, Avelino Alvarez-Ordóñez, Sara Bover-Cid, Marianne Chemaly, Robert Davies, Lieve Herman, Friederike Hilbert, Roland Lindqvist, Maarten Nauta, Luisa Peixe, Giuseppe Ru, Marion Simmons, Panagiotis Skandamis, Elisabetta Suffredini, Liesbeth Jacxsens, Annette Petersen, Theo Varzakas, Katleen Baert, Michaela Hempen, Yves Van der Stede and Declan Bolton
Panel on Biological Hazards
biohaz [at] efsa.europa.eu
EFSA Journal 2018;16(11):5432
Question Number
On request from
European Commission