In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the applicant Nissan Chemical Europe S.A.S. submitted two requests to the competent national authority in the Netherlands, respectively to modify the existing maximum residue level (MRL) in sweet pepper/bell pepper and to set an import tolerance in tree nuts for the active substance pyridaben. The data submitted in support of the requests were found to be sufficient to derive the MRL proposals of 0.3 mg/kg for sweet peppers/bell peppers and of 0.05* mg/kg for tree nuts. Adequate analytical methods for enforcement are available to control the residues of pyridaben in the commodities under consideration, at or above the validated limits of quantification (LOQs) of 0.01 mg/kg. Based on the risk assessment results, EFSA concluded that the short‐term and long‐term intake of residues resulting from the use of pyridaben on imported tree nuts from United States and from the indoor use on sweet peppers/bell peppers according to the reported agricultural practices, is unlikely to present a risk to consumer health. The reliable end points, appropriate for use in regulatory risk assessment are presented.