Safety and efficacy of saponified paprika extract, containing capsanthin as main carotenoid source, for poultry for fattening and laying (except turkeys)

capsanthin, extract of Capsicum annuum, paprika extract, sensory additives, colouring agents, poultry for fattening, poultry for laying
First published in the EFSA Journal
24 febbraio 2020
Adopted
29 gennaio 2020
Type
Scientific Opinion

Legal notice: Relevant information or parts of this scientific output have been blackened in accordance with the confidentiality requests formulated by the applicant pending a decision thereon by the European Commission. The full output has been shared with the European Commission, EU Member States and the applicant. The blackening will be subject to review once the decision on the confidentiality requests is adopted by the European Commission.

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety and efficacy of saponified paprika extract, containing capsanthin as main carotenoid source, for poultry for fattening and laying (except turkeys). The saponified paprika (Capsicum annuum) extract contains various carotenoids at a concentration of 25–90 g/kg of which capsanthin being the major one with quantity specified as > 35% of total carotenoids (TC). The maximum recommended use level of 40 mg TC/kg feed is safe for chickens for fattening and laying hens. The margin of safety is at least 6. This conclusion is extrapolated to minor poultry species for fattening and laying. The saponified paprika extract is not genotoxic. Based on the no observed effect level (NOEL) of the 90‐day study in rat and the exposure estimates, the Panel considered that there would be an adequate margin of exposure (between 700 and 2000) to conclude that the level of exposure to residues of the saponified paprika (C. annuum) extract (capsanthin not less than 35% of TCs) in animal tissues and products does not raise concern for the safety for the consumer. The saponified paprika extract is a viscous paste and as such users will not be exposed by inhalation. The applicant recognises that the extract may be irritant to skin and eyes. The FEEDAP Panel cannot conclude on the potential of any preparation to be toxic by inhalation, skin/eye irritant or skin sensitiser since no data were submitted. The use of saponified paprika extract in poultry feed raised no concern for the environment. Saponified paprika extract has the potential to pigment broiler skin and egg yolk. This conclusion is extrapolated to minor poultry species for fattening and laying.

Substances
capsanthin
Cas: 465-42-9
Inchi: InChI=1S/C40H56O3/c1-29(17-13-19-31(3)21-23-36-33(5)25-34(41)26-38(36,6)7)15-11-12-16-30(2)18-14-20-32(4)22-24-37(43)40(10)28-35(42)27-39(40,8)9/h11-24,34-35,41-42H,25-28H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,17-13+,18-14+,23-21+,24-22+,29-15+,30-16+,31-19+,32-20+/t34-,35+,40+/m1/s1
Iupac: (2E,4E,6E,8E,10E,12E,14E,16E,18E)-19-[(4R)-4-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl]-1-[(1R,4S)-4-hydroxy-1,2,2-trimethylcyclopentyl]-4,8,13,17-tetramethylnonadeca-2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18-nonaen-1-one

Panel members at the time of adoption

Giovanna Azimonti, Vasileios Bampidis, Maria de Lourdes Bastos, Henrik Christensen, Birgit Dusemund, Maryline Kouba, Mojca Kos Durjava, Marta López‐Alonso, Secundino López Puente, Francesca Marcon, Baltasar Mayo, Alena Pechová, Mariana Petkova, Fernando Ramos, Yolanda Sanz, Roberto Edoardo Villa and Ruud Woutersen.
Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed
Contact
feedap [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2020.6023
EFSA Journal 2020;18(2):6023
Question Number
On request from
European Commission