Safety evaluation of the food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase from a genetically modified Bacillus licheniformis (strain NZYM‐CE)
The food enzyme endo‐1,4‐β‐xylanase (4‐β‐d‐xylan xylanohydrolase; EC 126.96.36.199) is produced with a genetically modified Bacillus licheniformis (strain NZYM‐CE) by Novozymes A/S. The genetic modifications do not give rise to safety concerns. The food enzyme is free from viable cells of the production organism and recombinant DNA. This xylanase is intended to be used in baking and cereal‐based processes. Based on the maximum use levels recommended for the respective food processes and individual data from the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database, dietary exposure to the food enzyme–total organic solids (TOS) was estimated to be up to 0.012 mg TOS/kg body weight (bw) per day in European populations. Genotoxicity tests did not indicate a genotoxic concern. The systemic toxicity was assessed by a repeated dose 90‐day oral toxicity study in rats. The Panel identified a no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of at least 1,020 mg TOS/kg bw per day, the highest dose tested. When the NOAEL value is compared to the estimated dietary exposure, this results in a margin of exposure (MoE) of at least 85,000. Similarity of the amino acid sequence to those of known allergens was searched and no match was found. The Panel considered that, under the intended conditions of use, the risk of allergic sensitisation and elicitation reactions upon dietary exposure to this food enzyme cannot be excluded, but the likelihood is considered to be low. Overall, the Panel concluded that based on the data provided and the derived MoE, this food enzyme does not give rise to safety concerns under the intended conditions of use.