EU summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food 2011

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Article
Antimicrobial resistance, zoonotic bacteria, indicator bacteria
First published in the EFSA Journal
16 maggio 2013
Approved
15 aprile 2013
Type
Scientific Report of EFSA
Abstract

The antimicrobial resistance data among zoonotic and indicator bacteria in 2011, submitted by 26 European Union Member States, were jointly analysed by the European Food Safety Authority and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Data covered resistance in zoonotic Salmonella and Campylobacter isolates from humans, food and animals, and in indicator Escherichia coli and enterococci isolates from animals and food. Data on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in animals and food were also presented. Resistance in isolates from humans were mainly interpreted using clinical breakpoints, while animal and food isolate resistance was interpreted using epidemiological cut-off values. Resistance was commonly found in isolates from humans, animals and food, although disparities in resistance were frequently observed between Member States. High resistance levels were recorded to ampicillin, tetracyclines and sulfonamides in Salmonella isolates from humans, while resistance to third-generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones remained low. In Salmonella and indicator Escherichia coli isolates from fowl, pigs, cattle and meat thereof, resistance to ampicillin, tetracyclines and sulfonamides was also commonly detected, while resistance to third-generation cephalosporins was low. Moderate to high resistance to (fluoro)quinolones was observed in Salmonella isolates from turkeys, fowl and broiler meat. In Campylobacter isolates from human cases, resistance to ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid and tetracyclines was high, while resistance to erythromycin was low to moderate. High resistance to ciprofloxacin, nalidixic acid and tetracyclines was observed in Campylobacter isolates from fowl, broiler meat, pigs and cattle, whereas much lower levels were observed for erythromycin and gentamicin. Among the indicator enterococci isolates from animals and food, resistance to tetracyclines and erythromycin was commonly detected. The report also presents for the first time results on multi-resistance and co-resistance to critically important antimicrobials in both human and animal isolates. Very few isolates from animals were co-resistant to critically important antimicrobials.

Contact
zoonoses [at] efsa.europa.eu
FWD [at] ecdc.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3196
EFSA Journal 2013;11(5):3196 [359 pp.].
Question Number
On request from
EFSA
European Food Safety Authority
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Print on demand
EFSA - European Food Safety Authority , ECDC — European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Corporate author
EFSA - European Food Safety Authority , ECDC — European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
Themes
Medical and biological research, Food technology and food safety
ISBN number
978-92-9199-552-3
Catalogue number
TM-AF-13-001-EN-C
Price
€ 10.00
Number of Pages
359
Order status
Available