On 7 September 2011, in response to a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA GMO Panel) adopted a scientific opinion on the monitoring report of maize MON 810 for the 2009 growing season provided by Monsanto Europe S.A.. During its assessment of the 2009 monitoring report, the EFSA GMO Panel identified shortcomings in the methodology for both Case-Specific Monitoring (CSM) and General Surveillance (GS) of maize MON 810 and hence provided recommendations for improvement of the Post-Market Environmental Monitoring (PMEM) of maize MON 810.
Following a similar request from the European Commission to assess the monitoring report of the same maize MON 810 for the 2010 growing season, the EFSA GMO Panel firstly noted that the applicant followed the same approach as in its 2009 monitoring report.
The EFSA GMO Panel assessed, in close collaboration with the EFSA Unit for Scientific Assessment Support, the methodology applied by the applicant for the CSM and GS of maize MON 810 in 2010. The methodology used for the monitoring of maize MON 810 in 2010 is similar to what was done in 2009. Therefore, the EFSA GMO Panel mostly focused on the new 2010 datasets, i.e., data from farmer questionnaires, from a survey in Spain on refugia compliance and from monitoring resistance development in target pests.
The EFSA GMO Panel notes similar shortcomings in the methodology for CSM and GS as in the 2009 monitoring report. Hence, the EFSA GMO Panel reiterates the same recommendations for improvement of the methodology for the PMEM of maize MON 810 as in its scientific opinion on the 2009 monitoring report of maize MON 810.
However, from the data submitted by the applicant in its 2010 monitoring report, the EFSA GMO Panel does not identify adverse effects on the environment, human and animal health due to maize MON810 cultivation during the 2010 growing season. The outcomes of this 2010 monitoring report do not invalidate the previous EFSA GMO Panel’s scientific opinions on maize MON 810.