Wild boar in focus: initial model outputs of wild boar distribution based on occurrence data and identification of priority areas for data collection
The present document has been produced and adopted by the bodies identified above as authors. This task has been carried out exclusively by the authors in the context of a contract between the European Food Safety Authority and the authors, awarded following a tender procedure. The present document is published complying with the transparency principle to which the Authority is subject. It may not be considered as an output adopted by the Authority. The European Food Safety Authority reserves its rights, view and position as regards the issues addressed and the conclusions reached in the present document, without prejudice to the rights of the authors.
By reviewing the different types of data targeted by the ENETWILD Wild Boar Data Collection Model (occurrence, hunting bag, abundance data) that have become available, an initial model could be built with occurrence data. A preliminary model analysis was performed to estimate the likely distribution of wild boar comparing the performance of a presence‐only model (bioclim) and presence‐background model (MaxEnt). Based on the results of this modelling, locations were identified, notably in Eastern Europe, where more data are required in order to produce more robust model projections of occurrence. This report also outlines the current state of available data collected by ENETWILD (occurrence, hunting bag and density) on wild boar and the development of a model framework that can be used to produce outputs on the yearly density distributions at high resolution of wild boar at a European scale.