Commodity risk assessment of Albizia julibrissin plants from Israel

European Union, expert judgement, pest risk reduction options, plant health, silk tree, phytosanitary import requirements
First published in the EFSA Journal
13 janvier 2020
Adopted
21 novembre 2019
Type
Scientific Opinion

Abstract

The EFSA Panel on Plant Health was requested to prepare and deliver risk assessments for commodities listed in the relevant Implementing Acts as ‘High risk plants, plant products and other objects’ [Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2019 establishing a provisional list of high‐risk plants, plant products or other objects, within the meaning of Article 42 of Regulation (EU) 2016/2031]. The current Scientific Opinion covers all plant health risks posed by Albizia julibrissin imported from Israel, taking into account the available scientific information, including the technical information provided by Israel. The relevance of an EU‐regulated pest for this opinion was based on evidence that: (i) the pest is present in Israel; (ii) A. julibrissin is a host of the pest and (iii) the pest can be associated with the commodity. The relevance of this opinion for other non EU‐regulated pests was based on evidence that (i) the pest is present in Israel; (ii) the pest is absent in the EU; (iii) A. julibrissin is a host of the pest; (iv) the pest can be associated with the commodity and (v) the pest may have an impact and can pose a potential risk for the EU territory. Three pests (two insects, Aonidiella orientalis and Euwallacea fornicatus; one fungus, Fusarium euwallaceae) that fulfilled all criteria were selected for further evaluation. For the three selected pests, the risk mitigation measures proposed in the technical dossier were evaluated. Limiting factors on the effectiveness of the measures were documented. For the selected pests, an expert judgement on the likelihood of pest freedom is given taking into consideration the risk mitigation measures acting on the pest, including uncertainties associated with the assessment. The Panel is 95% sure that 9,950 or more units per 10,000 will be pest free from these three pests.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Claude Bragard, Katharina Dehnen‐Schmutz, Francesco Di Serio, Paolo Gonthier, Marie‐Agnès Jacques, Josep Anton Jaques Miret, Annemarie Fejer Justesen, Alan MacLeod, Christer Sven Magnusson, Panagiotis Milonas, Juan A Navas‐Cortes, Stephen Parnell, Roel Potting, Philippe L Reignault, Hans‐Hermann Thulke, Wopke Van der Werf, Antonio Vicent, Jonathan Yuen and Lucia Zappalà.
Panel on Plant Health
Contact
alpha [at] efsa.europa.eu
doi
10.2903/j.efsa.2020.5941
EFSA Journal 2020;18(1):5941
Question Number
On request from
European Commission