Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for non-target arthropods

non-target arthropods, effects, exposure, insects, pesticides, protection goals, risk assessment
First published in the EFSA Journal
12 février 2015
19 décembre 2014
Scientific Opinion


Following a request from the European Food Safety Authority, the Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues developed an opinion on the science to support the development of a risk assessment scheme of plant protection products for non-target arthropods. The current risk assessment scheme is reviewed, taking into consideration recent workshops and progress in science. Proposals are made for specific protection goals which aim to protect important ecosystem services such as food web support, pest control and biodiversity. In order to address recovery and source–sink population dynamics, conducting a landscape-level risk assessment is suggested. A new risk assessment scheme is suggested which integrates modelling approaches. The main exposure routes for non-target arthropods are identified and proposals are made on how to integrate them in the risk assessment. The appropriateness of the currently used vegetation distribution factor was investigated. It is proposed that new tests be included in order to address exposure via oral uptake of residues and uncertainties related to differences in species sensitivity.

Panel members at the time of adoption

Alf Aagaard, Theo Brock, Ettore Capri, Sabine Duquesne, Metka Filipic, Antonio F. Hernandez-Jerez, Karen I. Hirsch-Ernst, Susanne Hougaard Bennekou, Michael Klein, Thomas Kuhl, Ryszard Laskowski, Matthias Liess, Alberto Mantovani, Colin Ockleford, Bernadette Ossendorp, Daniel Pickford (until 30 June 2014), Robert Smith, Paulo Sousa, Ingvar Sundh, Aaldrik Tiktak and Ton Van Der Linden.
Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues
pesticides.ppr [at]
EFSA Journal 2015;13(2):3996
Question Number
On request from