Reasoned opinion on the review of the existing MRLs for carbofuran, carbosulfan, benfuracarb and furathiocarb and the setting of an import tolerance for carbofuran in cultivated mushrooms
In accordance with Article 43 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the European Commission requested EFSA to evaluate the information provided by the European Spice Association (ESA) with a view to setting an import tolerance on cultivated mushrooms and considering in parallel, a review of all existing EU MRLs for the N-methyl-carbamate insecticides; carbofuran, carbosulfan, benfuracarb and furathiocarb, including the CXLs that were taken over in the EU legislation. EFSA recommends the withdrawal of the carbofuran and/or carbosulfan CXLs transposed in the EU legislation for mandarin, orange, sunflower, rape seed and spices. EFSA recommends, to maintain the MRL for carbofuran in fresh cultivated mushrooms at the current LOQ of 0.01* mg/kg, since higher values will result in an acute consumer intake concern. No changes are proposed to the benfuracarb and furathiocarb MRLs (LOQs) listed in Annex V of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. In contrast, for carbofuran and having regard to the low toxicological reference values proposed for this active substance, the setting of MRLs below the default LOQ value of 0.01*mg/kg would be requested, especially for the food commodities that contribute significantly to consumer diets.