The 2009 European Union Report on Pesticide Residues in Food


European Food Safety Authority
EFSA Journal
EFSA Journal 2011;9(11):2430 [225 pp.].

EFSA wishes to thank EFSA’s staff member Daniela Brocca, Hermine Reich, Jane Richardson and Giuseppe Triacchini for the preparation of this scientific output. Furthermore, EFSA wishes to thank Erica Muller (Netherlands Plant Protection Service; Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation) and Caroline van der Schoor (Dutch Board for the Authorisation of Plant Protection Products and Biocides) for their independent scientific review of the report. Furthermore, EFSA wishes to thank the members of the Networking Group on Pesticide Monitoring and national experts for the support provided to the preparation of this report. Finally, the contribution of EFSA’s contractor (The Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety - AGES) is acknowledged.

Scientific Report of EFSA
On request from
Question Number
26 octobre 2011
Published in the EFSA Journal
8 novembre 2011
Last Updated
4 avril 2012. This version replaces the previous one/s.
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Parma Italy

The report presents the results of the control of pesticide residues in food commodities sampled during the calendar year 2009 in the 27 EU Member States and two EFTA countries (Iceland and Norway). The report also comprises the outcome of the consumer risk assessment of pesticide residues. Finally, the report provides some recommendations aiming to improve future monitoring programmes and enforcement of the European pesticide residue legislation. In total, more than 67,000 samples of nearly 300 different types of food were analysed for pesticide residues by national competent authorities. The total number of analytical determinations reported among all the participating countries amounted to more than 14,000,000. 97.4% of the samples complied with the legal maximum residue levels (MRLs) of pesticides. EFSA concluded that the long-term exposure of consumers did not raise health concerns. The short-term exposure assessment revealed that for 77 food samples analysed the acute reference dose (ARfD) might have been exceeded if the pertinent food was consumed in high amounts.

Pesticide residues, food control, monitoring, Maximum Residue Levels, consumer risk assessment, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005
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